Secretion of Benzaldehyde and Hydrogen Cyanide by the Millipede Pachydesmus crassicutis (Wood)

@article{Blum1962SecretionOB,
  title={Secretion of Benzaldehyde and Hydrogen Cyanide by the Millipede Pachydesmus crassicutis (Wood)},
  author={M. Blum and J. Woodring},
  journal={Science},
  year={1962},
  volume={138},
  pages={512 - 513}
}
The millipede Pachydesmus crassicutis (Wood) secretes a mixture of benzaldehyde and hydrogen cyanide when it is disturbed. These compounds are secreted through paired glands located on 11 of the notal projections of adult millipedes. Experiments with the imported fire ant demonstrate that these natural products serve a defensive function. 
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The polydesmid millipede, Oxidus gracilis, is able to convert dietary phenylalanine into benzaldehyde and hydrogen cyanide, components of its defensive secretion, and it is presumed that mandelonitrile is a precursor of HCN and benzaldehyde as has been demonstrated in plants. Expand
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A nitriloside is a naturally occurring or synthetic compound which upon hydrolysis by a beta-glucosidase yields a molecule of a non-sugar, or aglycone, a molecule of free hydrogen cyanide, and one orExpand
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