Secret Wars

  title={Secret Wars},
  author={Austin Carson},
This is the first book to systematically analyze the ways that powerful states covertly participate in foreign wars, showing a recurring pattern of such behavior stretching from World War I to U.S.-occupied Iraq. Investigating what governments keep secret during wars and why, the book argues that leaders maintain the secrecy of state involvement as a response to the persistent concern of limiting war. Keeping interventions “backstage” helps control escalation dynamics, insulating leaders from… 
Doubling Down: The Danger of Disclosing Secret Action
When an actor catches a state taking an objectionable secret action, it faces a dilemma. Exposing the action could force unresolved states to terminate the behavior to save face. But it could also
Secrecy's subjects: Special operators in the US shadow war
  • Elspeth Van Veeren
  • Computer Science, Sociology
    European Journal of International Security
  • 2019
To understand the complex workings of power within a security discourse, the political work of secrecy as a multilayered composition of practices (geospatial, technical, cultural, and spectacular) needs to be analysed.
The Shadow of Deterrence: Why capable actors engage in conflict short of war
Recent conflicts have increasingly occurred in the “gray zone” between peace and open warfare. Novel tactics—from cyber operations to “little green men”—may make aggression at low intensities more
Partners in Persuasion: Extra-Governmental Organizations in the Vietnam War
  • C. Levinson
  • Political Science
    Foreign Policy Analysis
  • 2021
Why do US presidents form collaborative relationships with private organizations in matters of national security? This paper argues that these symbiotic relationships are initiated by ambitious
Why So Secretive? Unpacking Public Attitudes toward Secrecy and Success in US Foreign Policy
To what extent does transparency in foreign policy making matter to democratic publics? Scholars and policy makers posit a normative commitment to transparency in the conduct of foreign affairs, an
From secrecy to accountability: The politics of exposure in the Belgrano affair
This article adds to the intersubjective research into policy failures by analysing the furore that erupted in UK politics over the sinking in May 1982 of the Argentine cruiser General Belgrano
Secrets in Global Governance
Scholars have long argued that transparency makes international rule violations more visible and improves outcomes. Secrets in Global Governance revises this claim to show how equipping international
Narratives and International Reconciliation
In relations between Japan and South Korea, as well as between other former adversaries, observers frequently argue that “history stands in the way” of better relations. They expect that hostile
Recapturing Regime Type in International Relations: Leaders, Institutions, and Agency Space
Abstract A wave of recent research challenges the role of regime type in international relations. One striking takeaway is that democratic and autocratic leaders can often achieve similar levels of
The Disclosure Dilemma: Nuclear Intelligence and International Organizations
Scholars have long argued that international organizations solve information problems through increased transparency. This article introduces a distinct problem that instead requires such