Secondhand Smoke Exposure is Associated with Prevalent Heart Failure: Longitudinal Examination of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

@article{Skipina2021SecondhandSE,
  title={Secondhand Smoke Exposure is Associated with Prevalent Heart Failure: Longitudinal Examination of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.},
  author={Travis M Skipina and Bharathi Upadhya and Elsayed Z. Soliman},
  journal={Nicotine \& tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco},
  year={2021}
}
INTRODUCTION Serum cotinine is a sensitive and specific biomarker for tobacco exposure including second-hand smoke exposure (SHS). We sought to examine whether SHS is associated with heart failure (HF) among non-hospitalized adults. METHODS This analysis included 11 219 non-smokers (age 48.4 ± 20.5 years, 55.9% women, 70.5% whites) from the United States Third National Health and Nutrition Examination (NHANES) years 1988-1994. SHS was defined as serum cotinine ≥1 ng/mL. To assess dose… Expand

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