Secondary Structure of a Conserved Domain in an Intron of Influenza A M1 mRNA

Abstract

Influenza A virus utilizes RNA throughout infection. Little is known, however, about the roles of RNA structures. A previous bioinformatics survey predicted multiple regions of influenza A virus that are likely to generate evolutionarily conserved and stable RNA structures. One predicted conserved structure is in the pre-mRNA coding for essential proteins, M1 and M2. This structure starts 79 nucleotides downstream of the M2 mRNA 5' splice site. Here, a combination of biochemical structural mapping, mutagenesis, and NMR confirms the predicted three-way multibranch structure of this RNA. Imino proton NMR spectra reveal no change in secondary structure when 80 mM KCl is supplemented with 4 mM MgCl2. Optical melting curves in 1 M NaCl and in 100 mM KCl with 10 mM MgCl2 are very similar, with melting temperatures ∼14 °C higher than that for 100 mM KCl alone. These results provide a firm basis for designing experiments and potential therapeutics to test for function in cell culture.

DOI: 10.1021/bi500611j

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@inproceedings{Jiang2014SecondarySO, title={Secondary Structure of a Conserved Domain in an Intron of Influenza A M1 mRNA}, author={Tian Jiang and Scott D. Kennedy and Walter N. Moss and Elżbieta Kierzek and Douglas H. Turner}, booktitle={Biochemistry}, year={2014} }