Second Simulation of the Satellite Signal in the Solar Spectrum, 6S: an overview

  title={Second Simulation of the Satellite Signal in the Solar Spectrum, 6S: an overview},
  author={Eric F. Vermote and Didier Tanr{\'e} and Jean Luc Deuze and Maurice Herman and Jean-Jacques Morcette},
  journal={IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote. Sens.},
Remote sensing from satellite or airborne platforms of land or sea surfaces in the visible and near infrared is strongly affected by the presence of the atmosphere along the path from Sun to target (surface) to sensor. This paper presents 6S (Second Simulation of the Satellite Signal in the Solar Spectrum), a computer code which can accurately simulate the above problems. The 6S code is an improved version of 5S (Simulation of the Satellite Signal in the Solar Spectrum), developed by the… 

Image-based correction of the aerosol effect over coastal waters with ASTER VNIR data

The use of satellite remote sensing data for physical measurements of the Earth's surface requires the removal of the atmospheric contribution from the signal recorded at the sensor, a process

A comparison of the effectiveness of 6S and SMAC in correcting for atmospheric interference of Meteosat Second Generation images

[1] Atmospheric perturbations are a large source of uncertainty in remotely sensed imagery of the Earth's surface. This paper explores the effectiveness of the simplified method for atmospheric

Radiative transfer model for simulating high-resolution satellite images

A simulator of high spatial resolution satellite images is introduced. It is based on the coupling of two radiative transfer models: discrete anisotropic radiative transfer (DART) for terrestrial

Remote sensing of spectral signatures of tropospheric aerosols

AbstractWith the launch of the German Aerospace Agency's (DLR) Modular Opto-electronic Scanner (MOS) sensor on board the Indian Remote Sensing satellite (IRS-P3) launched by the Indian Space Research

Operational Remote Sensing of Aerosols over Land to Account for Directional Effects.

The directional scheme is then applied to the aerosol remote-sensing problem in actual Indian Remote Sensing Satellite P3/Modular Optoelectronic Scanner images over land and shows significant improvement compared with a Lambertian algorithm.

Calibration of Satellite Low Radiance by AERONET-OC Products and 6SV Model

This work describes a procedure for the retrieval of radiometric gains to be applied to OLI/L8 and MSI/S2A data over coastal waters and shows an improvement of reflectance remote sensing, Rrs, when with ACOLITE atmospheric correction software.

Evaluation of radiative transfer simulations over bright desert calibration sites

  • Y. GovaertsM. Clerici
  • Environmental Science, Mathematics
    IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
  • 2004
Top-of-atmosphere simulated radiances are compared with several thousands of calibrated observations acquired by the European Remote Sensing 2/Along-Track Scanning Radiometer 2 (ERS2/ATSR-2), SeaWiFS, Syste/spl grave/me Pour l'Observation de la Terre 4, and the Environmental Research Satellite/Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (ENVISAT/MERIS) instruments over the SEVIRI desert calibration sites.

Volume 5, The SeaWiFS Solar Radiation-Based Calibration and the Transfer-to-Orbit Experiment

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Preliminary analysis of the performance of the Landsat 8/OLI land surface reflectance product.




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A surface bidirectional reflectance model has been developed for the correction of surface bidirectional effects in time series of satellite observations, where both sun and viewing angles are

Slopes of the sea surface deduced from photographs of sun glitter

  • C. Cox
  • Environmental Science
  • 1956
Part I: Experimental Method and Observations.-The distribution of brightness of sun glitter on the sea surface is interpreted in terms of the statistics of the sea-surface slope distribution. The

Modeling of the atmospheric effects and its application to the remote sensing of ocean color.

Modeling of the atmospheric effects can be improved by taking into account not only the direct but also the diffuse component of atmospheric transmittance and by a more precise formulation of the interaction between molecular and aerosol scattering in the calculation of atmospheric reflectance.

Influence of the atmosphere on space measurements of directional properties.

Two average angular reflectances are defined from which the reflected radiance may be deduced for any distribution of the downward radiance, and the feasibility of detecting directional properties from space measurements is discussed.

Extracting information on surface properties from bidirectional reflectance measurements

The retrieval of surface parameters from remotely sensed data is of prime interest for the estimation of surface properties of various planets in the solar system, including the Earth. Bidirectional

Optical and Radiative Properties of a Desert Aerosol Model

Abstract : One of the major sources of the natural atmospheric aerosols is wind- blown dust and sand. These predominantly originate from the arid and semi-arid regions which make up one-third of the

Effective reflectance of oceanic whitecaps.

  • P. Koepke
  • Environmental Science, Mathematics
    Applied optics
  • 1984
The effective reflectance of the foam on the ocean surface together with the fraction of the surface covered with foam describes the optical influence of whitecaps in the solar spectral range, which leads to a good agreement with satellite measured radiances and albedo values.

Adaptation of a bidirectional reflectance model including the hot‐spot to an optically thin canopy

This model presents an improvement of the original model by Verstraete et al., (1990) in order to account for the effects due to an underlying soil below the vegetation canopy. The unscattered and