Second-Order Cybernetics as a Fundamental Revolution in Science

  title={Second-Order Cybernetics as a Fundamental Revolution in Science},
  author={Stuart A. Umpleby},
  journal={Constructivist Foundations},
  • S. Umpleby
  • Published 2016
  • Philosophy
  • Constructivist Foundations
> Context • The term “second-order cybernetics” was introduced by von Foerster in 1974 as the “cybernetics of observing systems,” both the act of observing systems and systems that observe. Since then, the term has been used by many authors in articles and books and has been the subject of many conference panels and symposia. > Problem • The term is still not widely known outside the fields of cybernetics and systems science and the importance and implications of the work associated with second… Expand

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