Second Language Acquisition at the Early Childhood Level: A 5-Year Longitudinal Case Study of Pre-Kindergarten through First-Grade Students.

@article{Billak2013SecondLA,
  title={Second Language Acquisition at the Early Childhood Level: A 5-Year Longitudinal Case Study of Pre-Kindergarten through First-Grade Students.},
  author={Bonnie Billak},
  journal={TESOL Journal},
  year={2013},
  volume={4},
  pages={674-696}
}
  • Bonnie Billak
  • Published 1 December 2013
  • Education, Linguistics
  • TESOL Journal
This 5-year longitudinal study investigated the English language acquisition and development of students in pre-Kindergarten through Grade 1 at a U.S.-accredited international school. Of the 1,509 students tested, the overwhelming majority were nonnative English speakers. The data provide valuable insight into the rate of second language acquisition for students at each grade level, including information on twins and students with learning differences. A strong emotional factor affecting… 
The Relationship Between The Level of Language Acquisition and Reading Achievement Among English Language Learners
This study examined two research questions: How are reading proficiency and English language proficiency assessment scores in third and fourth grades associated with fifth grade reading proficiency?
Effectiveness of a Motor Intervention Program on Motivation and Learning of English Vocabulary in Preschoolers: A Pilot Study
TLDR
The main conclusions are that motor and expressive activities at an early age can be an effective motivational resource that promotes an increase in children’s physical activity time in the classroom and improves academic performance, producing a more effective learning of the vocabulary of a second language.
Mandarin Teachers' Experiences Using Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge in Early Childhood Classrooms
Mandarin Teachers’ Experiences Using Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge in Early Childhood Classrooms by Francesca Pugh-Opher MPA., Walden University, 2011 MEd., Arcadia University, 2006
Physical activity and movement integrated into the second language teaching from an early age: a systematic review (Actividad física y movimiento integrados en la enseñanza de una segunda lengua desde una edad temprana: una revisión sistemática)
  Background: the main objective of this paper is to analyse the effectiveness of physical activity and movement based intervention programmes for teaching and learning a second language (L2) in
Opening a Global Door : Methodologies in successful instruction of English as a second language for early learners
English is a widely used language, and its standing as a tool for communication among people who do not share a common first language is ever increasing. Young students all over the globe therefore
First Language Grammatical Proficiency on Second Language Acquisition (Ingles / Spanish).
............................................................................................

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 10 REFERENCES
Home Literacy Experiences and Their Relationship to Bilingual Preschoolers' Developing English Literacy Abilities: An Initial Investigation.
TLDR
It appears that children's literacy development would benefit from increased exposure to literacy materials and literacy events during the preschool years.
Long-term relationships among early first language skills, second language aptitude, second language affect, and later second language proficiency
ABSTRACT Fifty-four students were followed over 10 years beginning in first grade to determine best predictors of oral and written second language (L2) proficiency. Predictor variables included
Cross-language transfer of phonological awareness in low-income Spanish and English bilingual preschool children
This study investigated the phonological awareness of low-income Spanish–English bilingual children, because phonological awareness has been found to be an important prerequisite for literacy
English Language Learners and Learning Disabilities: Research Agenda and Implications for Practice
Although little is known about learning disabilities (LDs) in English language learners (ELLs), there is a substantial knowledge base about the identification, assessment, and intervention of and for
Bilingual signed and spoken language acquisition from birth: implications for the mechanisms underlying early bilingual language acquisition
TLDR
The capacity to differentiate between two languages is well in place prior to first words, and it is hypothesized that this capacity may result from biological mechanisms that permit the discovery of early phonological representations.
Effect of block play on language acquisition and attention in toddlers: a pilot randomized controlled trial.
OBJECTIVE To test the hypotheses that block play improves language acquisition and attention. DESIGN Randomized controlled trial. SETTING Pediatric clinic. PARTICIPANTS Children aged 1(1/2) to
Language assessment of non‐handicapped twins at 5 years of age
TLDR
Language levels in twins and singletons born after at least 34 weeks gestation and without identifiable neurological abnormality are determined and whether in vitro fertilization affects language development in twin pregnancies is evaluated.
Brain Research, Learning and Emotions: Implications for Education Research, Policy and Practice.
Recent advancements in neuroscience heighten its relevance to education. Newly developed imaging technologies enable scientists to peer into the working brain for the first time, providing powerful
Emotion theory and research: highlights, unanswered questions, and emerging issues.
  • C. Izard
  • Psychology, Biology
    Annual review of psychology
  • 2009
TLDR
Emotion feeling is a phase of neurobiological activity, the key component of emotions and emotion-cognition interactions, and the relation of memes and the mirror neuron system to empathy, sympathy, and cultural influences on the development of socioemotional skills are unresolved issues.