Second Generation Biofuels: High-Efficiency Microalgae for Biodiesel Production

  title={Second Generation Biofuels: High-Efficiency Microalgae for Biodiesel Production},
  author={Peer M. Schenk and Skye R. Thomas-Hall and Evan Stephens and Ute C. Marx and Jan H. Mussgnug and Clemens Posten and Olaf Kruse and Ben Hankamer},
  journal={BioEnergy Research},
The use of fossil fuels is now widely accepted as unsustainable due to depleting resources and the accumulation of greenhouse gases in the environment that have already exceeded the “dangerously high” threshold of 450 ppm CO2-e. To achieve environmental and economic sustainability, fuel production processes are required that are not only renewable, but also capable of sequestering atmospheric CO2. Currently, nearly all renewable energy sources (e.g. hydroelectric, solar, wind, tidal, geothermal… 

Feedstocks for Second-Generation Biodiesel: Microalgae’s Biology and Oil Composition

The solar energy is an inexhaustible source, while other energy reserves, like fossil and nuclear fuels, are limited in quantity and are depleted as years go by. Renewable energy is necessary to

Prospects of biodiesel production from microalgae in India

Microalgae for future biodiesel production: Algaculture, Environnement impact

The production of biofuels from microalgae, as a third generation of biodiesel production, has some distinctive advantages, such as their rapid growth rate, greenhouse gas binding capacity and high lipid production capacity.

Biodiesel, Bioethanol, and Biobutanol Production from Microalgae

Due to depletion of fossil fuel supplies and hazardous impacts on the global climate, clean renewable and sustainable energy production is being critically demanded. First-generation biofuels are

The environmental feasibility of algae biodiesel production

  • Tara Shirvani
  • Engineering, Environmental Science
    Applied Petrochemical Research
  • 2012
Microalgae can grow in waste or seawater, have vastly superior biomass yields per hectare and, most importantly, the CO2 removed from the atmosphere during photosynthetic growth of the plant offsets

A Review of Microalgal Biofuels, Challenges and Future Directions

Fossil fuels play an absolute dominant role in the global energy mix, followed by biofuels and other energy sources. Fossil fuel dependency is unsustainable due to its finite nature. Moreover, a

Algae: The high potential resource for biofuel production




Photosynthetic biomass and H2 production by green algae: from bioengineering to bioreactor scale-up.

This review is focused on placing bio-H(2) production processes into the context of the current biofuels market and summarizing advances made both at the level of bioengineering and bioreactor design.

Environmental, economic, and energetic costs and benefits of biodiesel and ethanol biofuels.

Transportation biofuels such as synfuel hydrocarbons or cellulosic ethanol, if produced from low-input biomass grown on agriculturally marginal land or from waste biomass, could provide much greater supplies and environmental benefits than food-basedBiofuels.

Systems and economic analysis of microalgae ponds for conversion of CO{sub 2} to biomass. Final report

There is growing evidence that global warming could become a major global environmental threat during the 21st century. The precautionary principle commands preventive action, at both national and

Thermodynamics of the Corn-Ethanol Biofuel Cycle

This article defines sustainability and sustainable cyclic processes, and quantifies the degree of non-renewability of a major biofuel: ethanol produced from industrially grown corn. It demonstrates

Biodiesel fuel production by transesterification of oils.

CO2 Mitigation and Renewable Oil from Photosynthetic Microbes: A New Appraisal

The only major strategy now being seriously considered for biological mitigation of atmospheric CO2 relies entirely on terrestrial plants. Photosynthetic microbes were the focus of similar

Production and energetic use of biogas from energy crops and wastes in Germany

  • P. Weiland
  • Engineering
    Applied biochemistry and biotechnology
  • 2003
The trends in Germany for achieving more efficient energy production are described, including progress made in cultivating energy crops for biogas production, in using new reactor systems for anaerobic digestion, and in applying more efficient technologies for combined heat and power production.

The Billion-Ton Biofuels Vision

A new industry on that scale will require much basic and applied work on methods for converting plant lignocellulose to fuels, because several significant problems must be overcome to make the process ready for large-scale use.

Biological conversion of light energy to the chemical energy of methane.

Civilization has progressed at a rate corresponding to man's ability to find and employ new and more extensive sources of energy. Although we are standing on the threshold of a new era characterized