Second-Generation Biofuels: Economics and Policies

  title={Second-Generation Biofuels: Economics and Policies},
  author={Miguel A. Carriquiry and Xiaodong Du and Govinda R. Timilsina},
  journal={World Bank Policy Research Working Paper Series},
Promoting Second Generation Biofuels: Does the First Generation Pave the Road?
It is found that the prospects for cost reduction look better for 2G bioethanol than for2G biodiesel, and to the extent that private investment in the development of 2GBioethanol is too low, current support schemes for 1G biofuels may block 2G Bioethanol instead of promoting it.
Advanced Biofuel Technologies: Status and Barriers
Large-scale production of crop based (first generation) biofuels may not be feasible without adversely affecting global food supply or encroaching on other important land uses. Because alternatives
Production Costs of Biofuels
The production cost of biofuels is one of the key determinants of the commercial viability of biofuels and its social costs of promoting through fiscal stimuli and regulations. Estimates of
The Future of Biofuels: “An Investigation of Science and Policy in the UK/EU”
Biofuels were first used, as motor fuel (bioethanol) in 1860 in Germany and soon after, biofuels became the main rival for petroleum. But the abundance and the low price of fossil fuels had severe
An Overview of Biofuel
Fossil fuels applications are linked with current widely held environmental issues. The decline of these fuels resources with environmental penalties has compelled for substitutes and usage of
Production cost and supply chain design for advanced biofuels
The U.S. government encourages the development of biofuel industry through policy and financial support since 1978. Though first generation biofuels (mainly biobased ethanol) expand rapidly between
Feedstock Availability, Composition, New Potential Resources for Biohydrogen, Biomethane, and Biobutanol Production via Biotechnological Routes
The need for increased focus on biofuel production, various feedstock options for biofuels production and the biotechnological options for conversion of biomass to bioenergy such as biomethane, biohydrogen, and biobutanol are discussed.
The conundrum of making biomass-to-biofuels economic
383 ISSN 1759-7269 10.4155/BFS.12.30 © 2012 Future Science Ltd Many companies are attracted towards the utilization of renewable resources for biofuel production; there is glamour and appeal for
First‐Generation Biofuels
Global energy demand is primarily dependent on the fossil fuel resources, and the energy consumption is growing significantly that will cause increased concentration of greenhouse gases (GHGs) in the


Review of Environmental, Economic and Policy Aspects of Biofuels
The world is witnessing a sudden growth in production of biofuels, especially those suited for replacing oil like ethanol and biodiesel. This paper synthesizes what the environmental, economic, and
Promoting Biofuels: Implications for Developing Countries
Interest in biofuels is growing worldwide as concerns about the security of energy supply and climate change are moving into the focus of policy makers. With the exception of bioethanol from Brazil,
The promise and challenges of microalgal‐derived biofuels
Microalgae offer great promise to contribute a significant portion of the renewable fuels that will be required by the Renewable Fuels Standard described in the 2007 Energy Independence and Security
Outlook for advanced biofuels
The economics of current and future biofuels
  • Ling Tao, A. Aden
  • Engineering
    In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology - Plant
  • 2009
This work presents detailed comparative analysis on the production economics of both current and future biofuels, including ethanol, biodiesel, and butanol, comparing how next-generation technologies and fuels will differ from today’s technologies.
Biomass as Feedstock for A Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry: The Technical Feasibility of a Billion-Ton Annual Supply
The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) are both strongly committed to expanding the role of biomass as an energy source. In particular, they support biomass
Comparative economics of biorefineries based on the biochemical and thermochemical platforms
A variety of biochemical and thermochemical technologies have been proposed for the production of biofuels. Meaningful economic comparisons require that they be evaluated on the same bases in terms