Seat belt fractures of the cervical spine.

@article{Taylor1976SeatBF,
  title={Seat belt fractures of the cervical spine.},
  author={Thomas K. F. Taylor and Sydney Nade and J H Bannister},
  journal={The Journal of bone and joint surgery. British volume},
  year={1976},
  volume={58 3},
  pages={
          328-31
        }
}
Three unusual injuries of the cervical spine in wearers of safety belts are reported. In each case, the presence of diagonal bruising and abrasions in the line of the sash strap indicated its involvement in the mechanism of the injury. 
Upper Cervical Spine Injuries in Wearers of Safety Belts
TLDR
The pattern of spinal injury and neck bruising suggest that the responsible flexion force was enhanced in some way by seat belt fixation at the mid-cervical region and should arouse suspicion of cervical spinal trauma. Expand
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A case of fatal cervical dislocation in a front seat passenger restrained by a retractable three-point belt strapped to the back of the seat is described. Expand
C5-6 cervical dislocation resulting from improper seat belt use.
TLDR
Emergency physicians should be aware of this injury mechanism and should reinforce proper passive restraint use of diagonal shoulder belt of newer passive restraint systems. Expand
Distraction fractures of the lumbar spine.
TLDR
Three distinct patterns of distraction fractures have been identified and open reduction, local spinal fusion and Harrington instrumentation are recommended for unstable fractures and for those with neurological involvement. Expand
Strangulation associated with a passive restraint shoulder harness seatbelt: case report.
  • K. Veenema
  • Medicine
  • The Journal of emergency medicine
  • 1994
TLDR
A case of strangulation secondary to an automatically engaging diagonal shoulder harness used without the accompanying lap seatbelt is reported. Expand
Pediatric Cervical Spine Fracture Caused by an Adult 3-Point Seatbelt
TLDR
A case of upper cervical spine fracture in a 5-year-old female patient caused by neck flexion over an inappropriately applied adult 3-point seatbelt during a motor vehicle collision is presented. Expand
Traumatic odontoid epiphysiolysis in an infant fixed in a child's car seat.
TLDR
This paper illustrates a case of epiphysiolysis of the dens axis in an infant occurring in a traffic accident, although she was fixed properly in an approved child's car seat with an internal seat belt. Expand
Cervical fractures and fracture-dislocations sustained without head impact.
TLDR
Review of reports of cervical injuries without head impact found in the literature and case histories of such injuries from the Highway Safety Research Institute of The University of Michigan, as well as experimental studies in animals, cadavers, and volunteer subjects suggest that in many instances occupants would be more seriously injured or killed were belts not worn. Expand
Shoulder belt-induced flexion–distraction fractures of the cervical spine
Serious and fatal injuries have been attributed to poorly designed or improperly worn seat belts. This study reports on a series of catastrophic cervical spinal injuries caused by shoulder beltExpand
Neck Injury Biomechanics
This chapter summarizes the research on the biomechanical responses of the neck in a form that will be useful in design of protective systems and in the development of societal strategies to reduceExpand
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References

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The drivers and passengers of two cars which collided head-on all wore lap and diagonal seat-belts. Three of the four suffered ruptured viscera and two incurred flexion-compression fractures of theExpand
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TLDR
A series of 166 fractures and fracture-dislocations of the dorso-lumbar spine has been reviewed and a new method of classifying these injuries is suggested, based on a division of cases into stable and unstable types, the recognition of which is of crucial importance. Expand
SPINAL CORD INJURIES AND SEAT BELTS
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  • Medicine
  • The Medical journal of Australia
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There has been a decline in the number of spinal cord injuries resulting from motor‐car accidents since the introduction of compulsory wearing of seat belts in Victoria. The increasing number ofExpand
Seatbelt injuries of the spine and abdomen.
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  • Medicine
  • The American journal of roentgenology, radium therapy, and nuclear medicine
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TLDR
Ten cases of injury to the spine, pelvis, and abdomen are added to the expanding literature on seatbelt injuries. Expand
Patterns and mechanisms of lumbar injuries associated with lap seat belts.
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  • Medicine
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  • 1969
Of twenty-four lumbar-spine fractures observed in seat-belt wearers, twenty showed an Unusual and consistent pattern of injury characterized by separation of the posterior elements without theExpand
Fractures, dislocations, and fracture-dislocations of the spine.
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  • The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume
  • 1970
Over 1000 patients with traumatic paraplegia or tetraplegia and many more with fractures and dislocations of the spine without damage to the central nervous system have been observed and treated atExpand
The seat belt syndrome.
TO DETERMINE WHETHER SEAT BELTS CAUSE INJURY, THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN USE OF SEAT BELTS AND INJURIES TO THE ABDOMEN, PELVIS, AND LUMBAR SPINE WAS STUDIED. SEAT BELT FAILURE WAS ALSO EXAMINED.Expand
SEAT BELTS-LIMITS OF PROTECTION: A STUDY OF FATAL INJURIES AMONG BELT WEARERS
Because the use of seat belts when available is mandatory in Australia and now at a high level, a high proportion of those who crash are wearing seat belts. The further protection of these occupantsExpand
Editorial: Compulsory wearing of seat belts in New South Wales, Australia. An evaluation of its effect on vehicle occupant deaths in the first year.
In New South Wales, Australia, the wearing of seat belts was compelled by a regulation under the Motor Traffic Act. The number of occupants of motor vehicles killed in traffic crashes during 1972,Expand
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