Seasonally adaptive migratory headings mediated by a sun compass in the painted lady butterfly, Vanessa cardui

@article{Nesbit2009SeasonallyAM,
  title={Seasonally adaptive migratory headings mediated by a sun compass in the painted lady butterfly, Vanessa cardui},
  author={R. Nesbit and J. K. Hill and I. Woiwod and D. Sivell and J. Chapman},
  journal={Animal Behaviour},
  year={2009},
  volume={78},
  pages={1119-1125}
}
Many insects undertake long-distance migrations to exploit seasonally variable conditions at high latitudes, but the mechanisms used by migrants to select and maintain beneficial flight headings are poorly understood. Using computerized flight simulators, we performed controlled experiments to test the ability of an obligate migrant butterfly ( Vanessa cardui ) to orient in seasonally advantageous directions (i.e. northwards in spring and southwards in autumn). We also investigated the compass… Expand
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