Seasonal synchrony: the key to tick-borne encephalitis foci identified by satellite data

  title={Seasonal synchrony: the key to tick-borne encephalitis foci identified by satellite data},
  author={Sarah E. Randolph and Robert Montraville Green and Mick Peacey and David J. Rogers},
  pages={15 - 23}
A previous analysis of tick infestation patterns on rodents in Slovakia suggested that the key to the focal distribution of western-type tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEv) in Europe is the geographically variable degree of synchrony in the seasonal activity of larval and nymphal Ixodes ricinus ticks. This prediction is here tested by examining records, from 7 different countries, of the seasonal variation in the abundance of larvae and nymphs feeding on rodents or questing on the vegetation… 

Temporal dynamics of the tick Ixodes ricinus in northern Europe: epidemiological implications

Early summer and early autumn are indicated as periods of increased risk for humans to encounter I. ricinus ticks in boreal urban forests and a high density of the rodent host may enhance the risk that ticks and, potentially, tick-borne pathogens pose to human health.

Abundance and Seasonal Activity of Questing Ixodes ricinus Ticks in their Natural Habitats in Southern Germany in 2011

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The shifting landscape of tick-borne zoonoses: tick-borne encephalitis and Lyme borreliosis in Europe.

  • S. Randolph
  • Biology
    Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences
  • 2001
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Seasonal variation in the role of grey squirrels as hosts of Ixodes ricinus, the tick vector of the Lyme disease spirochaete, in a British woodland.

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Seasonal occurrence of Ixodes ricinus (Acari) in vegetation and on small mammals in southern Sweden

The autumn peak seems similar to that found in other European countries, but the timing of the spring peak differs, and weather, influencing development rates, seems to be the main agent behind these differences.

Seasonal variation in the capacity of the bank vole to infect larval ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) with the Lyme disease spirochete, Borrelia burgdorferi.

Seasonal variation in the capacity of bank voles to infect larval Ixodes ricinus (L.) ticks with Borrelia burgdorferi Johnson, Schmid, Hyde, Steigerwalt & Brenner was examined at Bogesund, near Stockholm in south-central Sweden.

Occurrence of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) virus in Berlin (West).

  • O. KahlA. Radda
  • Biology
    Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Mikrobiologie, und Hygiene. Series A, Medical microbiology, infectious diseases, virology, parasitology
  • 1988

Subadult Ixodes ricinus (Acari: Ixodidae) on rodents in Berlin, West Germany.

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Comparative ecology and epidemiology of lyme disease and tick-borne encephalitis in the former Soviet Union.

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