Seasonal nest usurpation of European colonies by African swarms in Arizona, USA

@article{Schneider2004SeasonalNU,
  title={Seasonal nest usurpation of European colonies by African swarms in Arizona, USA},
  author={Stanley Scott Schneider and Thomas Deeby and David C. Gilley and Gloria Degrandi-Hoffman},
  journal={Insectes Sociaux},
  year={2004},
  volume={51},
  pages={359-364}
}
Nest usurpation is a form of reproductive parasitism that may contribute to the ability of African bees to displace European honey bees in the Americas. We examined nest usurpation by African swarms over a two-year period in a southern-Arizona apiary that contained 76 five-frame European colonies. We observed a mean annual usurpation rate of 21% , with strong seasonal trends in usurpation activity. Most usurpations occurred from October–December, with a minor peak of usurpation activity in the… CONTINUE READING
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