Seasonal levels of reproductive hormones and their relationship to the antler cycle of male and female reindeer (Rangifer tarandus).

Seasonal levels of LH, FSH, testosterone (T), estradiol, progesterone (P), and prolactin (PRL) were determined in the plasma of five adult bulls, and five barren and four pregnant cows of Alaskan reindeer (Rangifer tarandus), which were sampled every 3 weeks for 54 weeks. The male reproductive axis was sequentially activated; LH peaked in May-June (2 ng/ml… CONTINUE READING