Seasonal benefits of a natural propolis envelope to honey bee immunity and colony health

@article{Borba2015SeasonalBO,
  title={Seasonal benefits of a natural propolis envelope to honey bee immunity and colony health},
  author={Renata S. Borba and K. Klyczek and K. L. Mogen and M. Spivak},
  journal={Journal of Experimental Biology},
  year={2015},
  volume={218},
  pages={3689 - 3699}
}
  • Renata S. Borba, K. Klyczek, +1 author M. Spivak
  • Published 2015
  • Medicine, Biology
  • Journal of Experimental Biology
  • ABSTRACT Honey bees, as social insects, rely on collective behavioral defenses that produce a colony-level immune phenotype, or social immunity, which in turn impacts the immune response of individuals. One behavioral defense is the collection and deposition of antimicrobial plant resins, or propolis, in the nest. We tested the effect of a naturally constructed propolis envelope within standard beekeeping equipment on the pathogen and parasite load of large field colonies, and on immune system… CONTINUE READING

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