Seasonal and temporal variations of field-aligned currents and ground magnetic deflections during substorms

@inproceedings{Forsyth2018SeasonalAT,
  title={Seasonal and temporal variations of field-aligned currents and ground magnetic deflections during substorms},
  author={C Forsyth and Michael Shortt and J C Coxon and I J Rae and Mervyn P. Freeman and N M E Kalmoni and C M Jackman and Brian J Anderson and Stephanie E Milan and Alison M G Burrell},
  year={2018}
}
Field-aligned currents (FACs), also known as Birkeland currents, are the agents by which energy and momentum are transferred to the ionosphere from the magnetosphere and solar wind. This coupling is enhanced at substorm onset through the formation of the substorm current wedge. Using FAC data from the Active Magnetosphere and Planetary Electrodynamics Response Experiment and substorm expansion phase onsets identified using the Substorm Onsets and Phases from Indices of the Electrojet technique… CONTINUE READING
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