Seasonal and sex differences in urine marking rates of wild red foxes Vulpes vulpes

@article{Fawcett2012SeasonalAS,
  title={Seasonal and sex differences in urine marking rates of wild red foxes Vulpes vulpes},
  author={J. K. Fawcett and J. Malcolm Fawcett and Carl D. Soulsbury},
  journal={Journal of Ethology},
  year={2012},
  volume={31},
  pages={41-47}
}
Understanding the role of urine marking in the territorial systems of wild mammals can be difficult, especially for nocturnal cryptic species. Even for common species, such as the red fox Vulpes vulpes, a comprehensive analysis of seasonal and sex differences has not been carried out. Using 6 years of infra-red video monitoring, we compared marking rates between months and between sexes. Urine marking was significantly lower during summer (June–August). Males urine marked significantly more… 

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