Seasonal and Physiological Variations of Phlebotomus papatasi Salivary Gland Antigens in Central Iran

Abstract

BACKGROUND Sand fly saliva helps parasite establishment and induce immune responses in vertebrate hosts. In the current study, we investigated the modulation of Phlebotomus papatasi salivary gland antigen expression by seasonal and biological factors. METHODS Sand flies were grouped according to physiological stages such as unfed, fed, semi-gravid, gravid… (More)

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