Season linked responses to fine and quasi-ultrafine Milan PM in cultured cells.

  title={Season linked responses to fine and quasi-ultrafine Milan PM in cultured cells.},
  author={Eleonora Longhin and Eleonora Pezzolato and Paride Mantecca and J\orn A Holme and Andrea Franzetti and Marina Camatini and Maurizio Gualtieri},
  journal={Toxicology in vitro : an international journal published in association with BIBRA},
  volume={27 2},
Exposure to urbane airborne particulate matter (PM) is related to the onset and exacerbation of cardiovascular and respiratory diseases. The fine (PM1), and quasi-ultrafine (PM0.4) Milan particles collected during different seasons have been characterised and the biological effects on human epithelial lung A549, monocytes THP-1 cells and their co-culture, evaluated and compared with the results obtained on the PM10 and PM2.5 fractions. Chemical composition and transmission electron microscopy… CONTINUE READING


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