Searching Out the Ideal: Awareness of Ideal Body Standards Predicts Lower Global Self-esteem in Women

  title={Searching Out the Ideal: Awareness of Ideal Body Standards Predicts Lower Global Self-esteem in Women},
  author={Emily Balcetis and Shana Cole and Marie B. Chelberg and Mark Alicke},
  journal={Self and Identity},
  pages={113 - 99}
Does awareness of female body ideals affect women's global self-esteem? We measured awareness of ideal standards for beauty via two approaches. As one approach, participants (55 undergraduate women) self-reported their general propensity to be aware of society's thin ideal standard. As a second approach, we measured visual attention orienting to ideal standards; we covertly measured participants' eye movements to peers' purported ideal standards. Self-reported awareness predicted lower baseline… 

Evidence that Social Comparison with the Thin Ideal Affects Implicit Self-Evaluation

Research on body image suggests that social comparison with the thin ideal has a number of negative consequences for women. To date, however, little is known on how social comparison with the thin

Examining the Effects of Women’s Body Image and Body Satisfaction on Self-Esteem, Happiness, and Body Satisfaction

This study investigated the effects of positive versus negative self-talk on self-esteem, happiness, and body satisfaction levels, and the effects of viewing images of overweight and thin women on

A new approach to regulation of body-image discrepancies : examining associations between self-talk and personality

Body image discrepancies influence both body dissatisfaction and likelihood of engaging in unhealthy behaviours, such as eating disorders. What is poorly understood, however, are the cognitive

Body Surveillance Predicts Men’s and Women’s Perceived Loneliness: A Serial Mediation Model

Previous research on self-objectification mainly focuses on its influences on intrapersonal psychological distress whereas our study examined whether self-objectification would influence

Social Stereotyping and Self-Esteem of Miss America Pageant Contestants

Social Stereotyping and Self-Esteem of Miss America Pageant Contestants by Ebony F. M. Bowers MS, Springfield College, 2009 BS, Springfield College, 2004 Dissertation Submitted in Partial Fulfillment

Weight-Based Stigma and Self-Esteem: A Test and Extension of the Stigma Communication Model

Personal experience with weight-based stigma is negatively associated with self-esteem (Myers & Rosen, 1999). Our study examines how self-esteem is affected by exposure to weight-based stigma

Internalization of the thin ideal as a causal risk factor and a mediator of intervention effects on eating disorder symptoms in women

Reviewed existing models of mediation further support the consideration of the thin-ideal internalization to be a causal risk factor for eating disorders in women.

Do College Students Perceive Stigma the Same Way Experts Do? An Experimental Test of Lay Perceptions of Body-Size Stigma

Results suggest that perceptions about stigma communication vary by the stigma level and the stigma target’s attributes, namely body size, and suggest that selfesteem is more stable than some researchers indicate.

Running head: MODERATING EFFECTS OF RACE AND ETHNICITY 1 The Moderating Effects of Race and Ethnicity on the Relationship between Body Image and Psychological Well-Being

MODERATING EFFECTS OF RACE AND ETHNICITY 2 Body image is particularly salient amongst adolescent females, whose innate desire for selfcomprehension is mingled with the rapid maturations and changes



Body Image and Self-Esteem Among Adolescent Girls: Testing the Influence of Sociocultural Factors

In Western cultures, girls’ self-esteem declines substantially during middle adolescence, with changes in body image proposed as a possible explanation. Body image develops in the context of

Can the Media Affect Us? Social Comparison, Self-Discrepancy, and the Thin Ideal

The current study explored body image self-discrepancy as moderator and social comparison as mediator in the effects on women from thin-ideal images in the media. Female undergraduates (N = 112) with

The Effect of Thin Ideal Media Images on Women’s Self-Objectification, Mood, and Body Image

Objectification theory (Fredrickson and Roberts, Psychology of Women Quarterly, 21, 173–206, 1997) contends that experiences of sexual objectification socialize women to engage in

Mirror Images: Effects of the Standard of Beauty on the Self- and Body-Esteem of Women Exhibiting Varying Levels of Bulimic Symptoms

Authors in the field of eating disorders suggest that increasing preferences for thin body shapes in women may be related to recent increases in the prevalence of eating-related problems. Using a

Internalization of ideal body shapes in 9-12-year-old girls.

Internalization mediated the relationship between awareness of the sociocultural standard of appearance and body dissatisfaction, and was associated with a higher body mass index, although it was not restricted to overweight girls.

Measuring self-esteem in context: the importance of stability of self-esteem in psychological functioning.

  • M. Kernis
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality
  • 2005
This article reports on a research program that has focused on the joint roles of stability and level of self-esteem in various aspects of psychological functioning and results from a number of studies are presented and theoretical implications are discussed.

Thin-ideal internalization and social comparison tendency as moderators of media models' impact on women's body-focused anxiety

Abstract Exposure to thin media models has a negative effect on women's body image, and the current study extends previous research by examining the relative impact and interrelation of two

Measures of self-esteem.

Why do people need self-esteem? A theoretical and empirical review.

Terror management theory (TMT) is compared with other explanations for why people need self-esteem, and a critique of the most prominent of these, sociometer theory, is provided.