Search and Seizure, Racial Profiling, and Traffic Stops: A Disparate Impact Framework

@article{Pickerill2009SearchAS,
  title={Search and Seizure, Racial Profiling, and Traffic Stops: A Disparate Impact Framework},
  author={Jenny Pickerill and Clayton James Mosher and Travis C. Pratt},
  journal={Labor: Demographics \& Economics of the Family},
  year={2009}
}
In response to nationwide attention to the issue of racial profiling, numerous law enforcement agencies have reexamined their policies and collected data on the racial demographics of motorists stopped and searched by police. This article advocates a “disparate impact” framework for understanding the relationship between race and searches and seizures. Using data on the Washington State Patrol, analysis indicates that disparities in the proportions of racial minorities searched by the Patrol… 
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TLDR
Although the police stop a disproportionate number of minorities, the relationship between race and the decision to stop is very weak, and multivariate models indicate minorities stopped by the police are more likely to be stopped at night and to reside outside the city.
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Under court orders in past and pending cases, the Maryland State Police maintain a uniquely detailed, publicly available database on the stops and searches they conduct on Interstate Highway 95. In
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Police checking for illegal drugs are much more likely to search the vehicles of African‐American motorists than those of white motorists. This paper develops a model of police and motorist behavior
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Several studies have provided evidence that racial profiling on the part of law enforcement agencies in the USA is a widespread problem. In contrast to most extant analyses of biased policing, our
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