Seamen on Late Eighteenth-Century European Warships*

  title={Seamen on Late Eighteenth-Century European Warships*},
  author={Niklas Erik Frykman},
  journal={International Review of Social History},
  pages={67 - 93}
  • N. Frykman
  • Published 1 April 2009
  • History
  • International Review of Social History
Summary For hundreds of thousands, the naval wars of the 1790s meant shock proletarianization at sea. Unprecedented numbers of men – many without previous experience of the sea, many of them foreign-born – were forced into warships and made to work under the threat of savage violence. Desertion rates reached previously unimaginable levels as men fled ships and navies. The greatest wave of naval mutiny in European history followed in their wake. Hundreds of crews revolted, sometimes paralyzing… 

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Revolution and Political Conflict

    The National Archives: Public Records Office (UK) ADM 36/12011; HMS Adventure muster book

    • HMS Hermione muster book

    Courts martial against men from HMS Albanaise, TNA: PRO (UK) ADM 1/5356, 1/5360, 1/5361, and 1/5362

      report of the ships lying at Flushing, 8 March 1795, and general report on the ships belonging to the central division

      • Various court martial cases for desertion, NA (NL)

      Maritime Labor

        Revolutionary tribunal of Brest, regarding the insurrection which took place at Quiberon on 13 and

          2.01.11, inv. nr. 221. 105. Captain-Lieutenant Ruijsch to Vice-Admiral de Winter

          • inv. nr. 234. 107. Various interrogation minutes and reports, NA (NL)

          TNA: PRO (UK) ADM 3/137; list of pardoned mutineers sent to Cold Bath Fields Prison in preparation of their being sent to the hulks, TNA: PRO (UK) ADM 1/4173; Convicts transported

          • TNA: PRO (UK) ADM 1/727. 96. Draft list of mutineers