Sea urchin spawning in benthic boundary layers: Are eggs fertilized before advecting away from females?

@inproceedings{Yund2003SeaUS,
  title={Sea urchin spawning in benthic boundary layers: Are eggs fertilized before advecting away from females?},
  author={Philip O. Yund and Susanne K. Meidel},
  year={2003}
}
Past work on fertilization in echinoids and other egg-broadcasting, free-spawning invertebrates suggests that these organisms might be extremely sperm limited in the field unless individuals spawn in close proximity and under nearly ideal flow conditions. However, virtually all previous experiments have used one or more techniques (surrogates for males and females, and short sampling duration) that bypassed two potentially important aspects of echinoid reproductive biology: the release of… CONTINUE READING

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