Sea spray aerosol as a unique source of ice nucleating particles.

  title={Sea spray aerosol as a unique source of ice nucleating particles.},
  author={Paul J Demott and Thomas C. J. Hill and Christina S. McCluskey and Kimberly A. Prather and Douglas B Collins and Ryan C Sullivan and Matthew J Ruppel and Ryan H. Mason and Victoria E Irish and Taehyoung Lee and Chung Yeon Hwang and Tae Siek Rhee and Jefferson R. Snider and Gavin R. McMeeking and Suresh Dhaniyala and Ernie R. Lewis and Jeremy J. B. Wentzell and Jonathan P D Abbatt and Christopher T. Lee and Camille M Sultana and Andrew P Ault and Jessica L. Axson and Myrelis Diaz Martinez and Ingrid Venero and Gilmarie Santos-Figueroa and Mike Stokes and Grant B. Deane and Olga L. Mayol-Bracero and Vicki H Grassian and Timothy H. Bertram and Allan K Bertram and Bruce F Moffett and Gary D. Franc},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
  volume={113 21},
Ice nucleating particles (INPs) are vital for ice initiation in, and precipitation from, mixed-phase clouds. A source of INPs from oceans within sea spray aerosol (SSA) emissions has been suggested in previous studies but remained unconfirmed. Here, we show that INPs are emitted using real wave breaking in a laboratory flume to produce SSA. The number concentrations of INPs from laboratory-generated SSA, when normalized to typical total aerosol number concentrations in the marine boundary layer… CONTINUE READING
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