Sea cucumber fisheries: global analysis of stocks, management measures and drivers of overfishing

  title={Sea cucumber fisheries: global analysis of stocks, management measures and drivers of overfishing},
  author={Steven W. Purcell and Annie Mercier and Chantal Conand and Jean‐François Hamel and M Ver{\'o}nica Toral-Granda and Alessandro Lovatelli and Sven Uthicke},
  journal={Fish and Fisheries},
Worldwide, most sea cucumber fisheries are ineffectively managed, leading to declining stocks and potentially eroding the resilience of fisheries. We analyse trends in catches, fishery status, fishing participation and regulatory measures among 77 sea cucumber fisheries through data from recent fishery reports and fishery managers. Critical gaps in fisheries biology knowledge of even commonly targeted species undermine the expected success of management strategies. Most tropical fisheries are… 

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