Scrotal Sonographic Findings in Equestrians

  title={Scrotal Sonographic Findings in Equestrians},
  author={Ahmet Tuncay Turgut and Uğur Koşar and Pınar Nercis Koşar and Ayhan Karabulut},
  journal={Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine},
Sports‐related injuries are among the major causes of testicular trauma. In this study, we aimed to determine sonographically whether chronic urogenital trauma during horse riding increases the prevalence of scrotal sonographic abnormalities. To our knowledge, there are no studies in the literature that have focused on this topic. 
Acute painful scrotum.
Scrotal Calculi
  • H. Artaş, I. Orhan
  • Medicine
    Journal of ultrasound in medicine : official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
  • 2007
The aim of this series was to examine the etiopathogenesis of scrotal calculi, which were detected incidentally in various age groups, with reference to the medical literature.
Extratesticular Scrotal Calcifications: Their Relationship With Sports
  • Ozlem Turksoy, N. Ozcan, H. Tokgoz
  • Medicine
    Journal of ultrasound in medicine : official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
  • 2006
After reading the articles by Turgut et al and Frauscher et al evaluating the sonographic findings in the scrotum of equestrians and mountain bikers, patients retrospectively checked whether any of their patients had a history of horse riding or biking to support the possible relationship of extratesticular calcifications with riding.
Prevalence of scrotal calculi and their relationship with pain.
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of scrotal calculi in men referred for scrotal ultrasonography (US), to identify any associated pathologies, and to investigate if any
Incidental Scrotal Findings at Imaging-1: Calcifications
Testicular microlithiasis is increasingly encountered in otherwise healthy men, and there is no evidence that it is either a premalignant condition or a causative agent for neoplasia, but a clear association exists between this condition, other testicular calcifications, and an increased risk of testicular malignancy.
Evaluation and Treatment of Cryptorchidism
No specific imaging technique is able to completely identify anorchia or position of the undescended testicles and thus eliminate the need for further surgical evaluation, so surgical options are effective and Hormonal treatment is marginally effective relative to placebo.
Cyclist's nodule: no smooth ride
The case emphasises the importance of rapid specialist referral from primary care, and consideration of a patient's occupation and hobbies when formulating diagnoses, in patients who present with 'lumps and bumps'.
Perineal Pressure in Equestrians: Application to Pudendal Neuralgia
The main purpose of this work is to extend current knowledge of the pressure distribution at the perineal level during the practice of horseback riding, to decrease the risk of pudendal neuralgia in equestrians.
Ultrasonographic and Doppler findings of subclinical clitoral microtraumatisms in mountain bikers and horseback riders.
Five out of the six subjects, the ultrasonographic assessment of the clitoris evidenced a disseminated clitoral microlithiasis, and the chronic traumatisms may be responsible for microhematomas, inflammation, and/or degenerative processes at level of the vagina.
Investigating the causes of testicular pain in soldiers referred to Imam Reza Hospital in Tehran, Iran
Given the high rate of varicocele in patients, sport activities and combat training during the service may be effective in causing it, first-line doctors and medical units identified malingering patients by exact clinical examination and without the use of other paraclinical means to avoid wasting time ,desertion and imposing medical expenses, and prevented unnecessary referrals.


Major pelvic injuries in equestrian sports
A series of pelvic and acetabular injuries caused by horse riding accidents is reported. The importance of wearing appropriate protective clothing when riding is emphasised.
Diagnostic value of scrotal sonography in infertile men
Summary Scrotal sonography with a 7.5 MHz sector scanner was performed on 658 consecutive patients of our infertility clinic. The incidence of pathological findings was unexpectedly high. Forty per
Incidence and importance of reflux in testicular veins of healthy men evaluated with color duplex sonography
The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence and the sonographic features—duration and velocity—of reflux in testicular veins of healthy men using color duplex sonography (CDS).
Horse injuries.
High-resolution sonography of scrotal contents in asymptomatic subjects.
The testes appeared homogeneous in texture and occasionally contained cysts, and the echogenic head of the epididymis, although variable in size and shape, was consistently imaged.
Riding and other equestrian injuries: considerable severity.
  • R. Lloyd
  • Medicine
    British journal of sports medicine
  • 1987
All horse-related injuries presenting to an Accident Service over a two-year period were investigated and at least seven life-threatening injuries were identified and there were other severe pelvic and spinal injuries.
High‐resolution ultrasonography in the diagnosis of scrotal pathology: I. Normal scrotum and benign disease
This article presents a review of the pathology of the scrotum and its contents, and deals with normal ultrasonography anatomy, technique, epididymal and testicular cysts, scrotal calcifications, acute and chronic inflammatory disease, testicular torsion,Scrotal trauma, varicocele, undescended testis, and miscellaneous conditions.
Equestrian injuries: a comparison of professional and amateur injuries in Berkshire.
A retrospective study of horse riding injuries in Berkshire was undertaken over a one year period from November 1983, with the former sustaining more limb injuries and the latter more head injuries.