Screening of alcohol use disorders in psychiatric outpatients: influence of gender, age, and psychiatric diagnosis.


Alcohol use disorders (AUD) are 2 times higher among psychiatric patients than in the general population. The under-recognition of this dual diagnosis can entail several negative outcomes. Early assessment with a screening tool like the CAGE questionnaire could be an opportunity to improve patients' prognoses. The objective of this study is to assess AUD risk in an outpatient psychiatric sample with a modified CAGE, considering the influence of age, gender and clinical psychiatric diagnosis. An observational, multicentric, descriptive study was carried out. The 4-item CAGE scale, camouflaged in a healthy lifestyle questionnaire, was implemented, using a cut-off point of one. 559 outpatients were assessed. 54% were female and the average age was 50.07 years. 182 patients presented a CAGE score ≥1 (45.1% of men and 21.9% of women). Gender was the strongest predictor of a positive result in CAGE, as men were 3.03 times more likely to score ≥1 on the CAGE questionnaire (p < .001, 95% CI: 0.22-0.49). Patients with bipolar and personality disorders had the highest rates of CAGE scores ≥1 (45.2 and 44.9%, respectively), with a significant association between diagnosis and a positive score (p = .002). Patients above 60 years were 2.5 times less likely to score ≥1 on the CAGE (p = .017, 95% CI: 0.19-0.85). Specific screening questionnaires, like the CAGE scale, can be an easy and useful tool in the assessment of AUD risk in psychiatric outpatients. Male patients with a bipolar or personality disorder present a higher risk of AUD.

DOI: 10.20882/adicciones.885

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@article{Autet2017ScreeningOA, title={Screening of alcohol use disorders in psychiatric outpatients: influence of gender, age, and psychiatric diagnosis.}, author={M{\'o}nica S{\'a}nchez Autet and Marina Garriga and Francisco Javier Zamora and I Huerta Gonz{\'a}lez and Judith Usall and Leticia Tolosa and Concepci{\'o}n Ben{\'i}tez and Raquel Puertas and Bel{\'e}n Arranz}, journal={Adicciones}, year={2017}, volume={0 0}, pages={885} }