Screening for Psychosis in the General Population with a Self‐Report Interview

@article{Eaton1991ScreeningFP,
  title={Screening for Psychosis in the General Population with a Self‐Report Interview},
  author={William W. Eaton and Alan J. Romanoski and James C. Anthony and Gerald Nestadt},
  journal={The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease},
  year={1991},
  volume={179},
  pages={689–693}
}
This analysis applies methods of screening to the problem of psychosis. A probability sample of 810 individuals from the Eastern Baltimore Mental Health Survey was interviewed in the self-report modality with the Diagnostic Interview Schedule and shortly thereafter by a psychiatrist. It is shown that a configuration of responses in the self-report modality can screen moderately well for psychosis, as measured by psychiatrists in the clinical modality. 
The detection of mental disorders in the community using a 20‐item interview version of the General Health Questionnaire
TLDR
A 20‐item interview version of the General Health Questionnaire was used to presumptively identify cases with mental disorders in a sample of 810 community residents, and the screening instrument performed well in detecting PSE‐CATEGO syndromes related to anxiety and depression, but lesswell in detecting psychotic syndrome and cognitive impairment. Expand
Validity and reliability of the CAPE: a self‐report instrument for the measurement of psychotic experiences in the general population
TLDR
This study tested the reliability and validity of the Community Assessment of Psychic Experiences (CAPE42) and demonstrated the prognostic validity of self‐reported psychotic experiences. Expand
Self‐reported psychotic experiences in the general population: a valid screening tool for DSM‐III‐R psychotic disorders?
TLDR
Examination of the diagnostic value of self‐reported psychotic‐like experiences for DSM‐III‐R psychotic disorders finds no significant difference in the value of these experiences for schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders. Expand
Psychotic-like experiences in the general community: the correlates of CIDI psychosis screen items in an Australian sample
TLDR
Many of the correlates of endorsement of psychosis-screen items are also associated with psychosis, and unravelling the factors that contribute to this broader non-clinical phenotype will aid the understanding of psychosis. Expand
Psychotic experience subtypes, poor mental health status and help‐seeking behaviour in a community sample of young adults
TLDR
This study aimed to determine which particular subtypes of PEs were more likely to be associated with poor mental health status and help‐seeking behaviour in a non‐clinical sample of young adults. Expand
The continuity of psychotic experiences in the general population.
TLDR
Evidence for the continuity of psychotic symptoms with normal experiences is reviewed, focusing on the symptoms of hallucinations and delusions, and the theoretical and treatment implications of such a continuum are discussed. Expand
Strauss (1969) revisited: a psychosis continuum in the general population?
TLDR
Ass associations with lower age, single marital status, urban dwelling, lower level of education, lower quality of life, depressive symptoms and blunting of affect did not differ qualitatively as a function of type of rating of the psychotic symptom, were similar in individuals with and without any CIDI lifetime diagnosis, and closely resembled those previously reported for schizophrenia. Expand
Measuring Psychotic-Like Experiences in the General Population
TLDR
The self-reported psychotic-like phenomena were more common in the general population than psychotic disorders, however, when assessed clinically, the experienced phenomena did correspond to psychotic phenomena except in a few patients, who were found to suffer from a psychotic disorder. Expand
Dimensions and the psychosis phenotype
TLDR
The research validating the clinical usefulness of psychopathological dimensions concludes that diagnostic models using both categorical and dimensional representations of psychosis have better predictive validity than either model independently. Expand
A preliminary investigation into the experience of symptoms of psychosis in mental health professionals: implications for the psychiatric classification model of schizophrenia.
TLDR
The findings are indicative of a continuum model of psychotic symptom experience and run counter to the contemporary model of psychiatric classification of this disorder. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...