In vitro assessment of Pediococcus acidilactici Kp10 for its potential use in the food industry
The number of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) was analyzed from 52 samples of raw seafoods (shrimp and mussel), and Thai fermented seafood products including fermented shrimp (kung-jom), mussel (hoi-dong), and fish (pla-jom). The viable LAB were 3.010 to 3.410 CFU/g. LAB were isolated and screened for their inhibitory activities against eight indicator bacteria by agar spot test. Among all selected LAB isolates, 52 isolates showed strong inhibitory activity. They were further characterized for their ability to resist hydrochloric acid, lactic acid, bile salts, and sodium chloride, and their ability to produce bacteriocins and amino acid decarboxylase. The selected LAB isolates, 1IS11 and 4IS17, were bacteriocin-producing strains, and showed no amino acid decarboxylase activity, which was suitable property for starter cultures. The isolate 1IS11 could resist both hydrochloric and lactic acid at the lowest pH of 2.0, while the isolate 4IS17 was able to tolerate hydrochloric and lactic acid at the lowest pH of 1.5 and 2.0, respectively. Both isolates could grow in MRS broth containing a high concentration of sodium chloride (10 %) and bile salts (1.5%). They were identified by morphological characterization, biochemical test, and 16S rDNA sequence analysis. The isolate 1IS11 was found to be Enterococcus faecium, whereas the isolate 4IS17 was Enterococcus faecalis.