Scottish Spearmen, 1298–1314: An Answer to Cavalry

  title={Scottish Spearmen, 1298–1314: An Answer to Cavalry},
  author={D. Caldwell},
  journal={War in History},
  pages={267 - 289}
In 1298, in a departure from past practice, the Scots under William Wallace fought and lost at Falkirk with large units of spearmen. King Robert Bruce adopted this tactic in 1307. He was successful largely owing to the attention he paid to the selection and training of his men, to the arms and armour they employed, and to the choice and preparation of the field of battle. The Scottish armies of the period may have been larger than allowed by recent historians. 
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