Scottish Spearmen, 1298–1314: An Answer to Cavalry

@article{Caldwell2012ScottishS1,
  title={Scottish Spearmen, 1298–1314: An Answer to Cavalry},
  author={D. Caldwell},
  journal={War in History},
  year={2012},
  volume={19},
  pages={267 - 289}
}
In 1298, in a departure from past practice, the Scots under William Wallace fought and lost at Falkirk with large units of spearmen. King Robert Bruce adopted this tactic in 1307. He was successful largely owing to the attention he paid to the selection and training of his men, to the arms and armour they employed, and to the choice and preparation of the field of battle. The Scottish armies of the period may have been larger than allowed by recent historians. 
4 Citations

Figures from this paper

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 11 REFERENCES
Armies and Warfare
The crippled, limping, gun-laden protagonist, dependent on begging, in Harlequin Returning from the Wars, a mid-century work by the Florentine painter Giovanni Ferretti, was as realistic an image ofExpand
Much else is assumed about Wallace's career at this time. See F. Watson
  • Calendar of Documents Relating to Scotland, 4 vols
  • 2007
The Bruce Brothers and the Irish Sea World
  • 2002
For the carrying capacity of medieval galleys in the West Highlands and Islands, see
  • Compare the table in D. Rixson, The West Highland Galley
  • 1998
Tarbert Castle: A Contribution to the History of Argyll
  • Scottish Historical Review L
  • 1971
I have relied on Professor Duncan's interpretation that all these were 'common men'. See Barbour, The Bruce
    The Bruce
      The original text is in the cartulary of Melrose. This translation is by
        ...
        1
        2
        ...