Scotopic spectral sensitivity of phakic and aphakic observers extending into the near ultraviolet

  title={Scotopic spectral sensitivity of phakic and aphakic observers extending into the near ultraviolet},
  author={M. Scott Griswold and William S. Stark},
  journal={Vision Research},
Individual variation in the transmission of UVB radiation in the young adult eye
The large individual differences in UV reaching the retina of younger individuals suggests equally significant vulnerability to the actinic effects of this highly energetic light.
The spectral transmission of ocular media suggests ultraviolet sensitivity is widespread among mammals
All species whose lenses removed short wavelengths had retinae specialized for high spatial resolution and relatively high cone numbers, suggesting that UV removal is primarily linked to increased acuity.
Comparative Spectrophotometer Analysis of Ultraviolet-light Filtering, Blue-light Filtering, and Violet-light Filtering Intraocular Lenses
Purpose To compare the light transmittance property of seven currently used intraocular lens (IOL) models by spectrophotometer data. Methods Light transmission spectra of seven IOL models were
Violet and blue light blocking intraocular lenses: photoprotection versus photoreception
Blue and violet blocking IOLs provide less photoprotection than middle aged crystalline lenses, which do not prevent age related macular degeneration (AMD) and pseudophakes should wear sunglasses in bright environments if the unproved phototoxicity-AMD hypothesis is valid.
How much blue light should an IOL transmit?
Determining authoritatively how much blue light an optimal IOL should block requires definitive studies to determine the action spectrum of the retinal phototoxicity potentially involved in human retinal ageing, and the amount of shorter wavelength blue light required for older adults to perform essential activities in dimly lit environments.
Ultraviolet Light Damage and Reversal by Retinoic Acid in Juvenile Goldfish Retina
Widespread cone damage by UV light suggests a mechanism independent of visual pigment absorbance, though the delayed loss of UV sensitivity in UV cones may be mediated through their UV rhodopsin.
Visual function improvement using photocromic and selective blue-violet light filtering spectacle lenses in patients affected by retinal diseases
The use of a combination of photocromic lens with a selective blue-violet light filter showed functional benefit in all evaluated patients.


Photopic sensitivities to ultraviolet and visible wavelengths and the effects of the macular pigments in human aphakic observers.
  • W. Stark
  • Medicine
    Current eye research
  • 1987
The spectral sensitivities obtained from aphakic human subjects in the photopic range suggest that the ocular media, including the macular pigments, have a profound effect on the spectral sensitivity.
Transmission of the Ocular Media
The spectral transmittance of ultraviolet, visible, and near infrared light through the ocular media of humans has been measured and shows that the transmission of ultraviolet radiation decreases with the age of the eye.
Spectral sensitivity of the pseudophakic eye.
Spectrophotometric measurements indicated that polymethyl methacrylate intraocular lenses do not mimic the crystalline lens in absorption of shortwave visible light and near-UV light. These
Separate mechanisms for retinal damage by ultraviolet-A and mid-visible light.
The results provide convincing evidence that different chromophores mediate damage by UVA and green light and a sound model is provided for further investigation into the different forms of photic retinopathy.
The ultraviolet receptor of bird retinas.
Measurements demonstrate the basis for the ultraviolet sensitivity of birds that has been seen in behavioral experiments, and they provide further evidence that many vertebrates share with insects vision in the near-ultraviolet.
Ultraviolet photosensitivity in goldfish: An independent U.V. retinal mechanism
The purpose of this review is to integrate what is known about UV vision in invertebrates, which have been particularly well studied, with a growing literature on UV sensitivity and UV effects in the visual systems of humans and other vertebrates.
The nature and properties of squirrel lens yellow pigment.
Ultraviolet induced damage in the primate cornea and retina.
Data discussed include the action spectra for far- and near-UV induced corneal damage, the pulsewidth dependence and oxygen dependence ofnear-UV cornea thresholds, and recovery rates of corneAL epithelial damage following ultraviolet induced cell lethality.