• Corpus ID: 204961230

Scooped! Estimating Rewards for Priority in Science∗

@inproceedings{Hill2019ScoopedER,
  title={Scooped! Estimating Rewards for Priority in Science∗},
  author={Ryan Hill and Carolyn Stein},
  year={2019}
}
The scientific community assigns credit or “priority” to individuals who publish an important discovery first. We examine the impact of losing a priority race (colloquially known as getting “scooped”) on subsequent publication and career outcomes. To do so, we take advantage of data from structural biology where the nature of the scientific process together with the Protein Data Bank — a repository of standardized research discoveries — enables us to identify priority races and their outcomes… 
Race to the Bottom: Competition and Quality in Science
This paper investigates how competition to publish first and thereby establish priority impacts the quality of scientific research. We begin by developing a model where scientists decide whether and
The Rise of Research Teams: Benefits and Costs in Economics
E conomics research is increasingly a team activity: economists increasingly coauthor their papers, and these coauthored papers have a large and increasing impact advantage. This “rise of teams”
A Quest for Knowledge
Is more novel research always desirable? We develop a model in which knowledge shapes society’s policies and guides the search for discoveries. Researchers select a question to study and how
Scientific Grant Funding
This chapter provides an overview of grant funding as an innovation policy tool aimed at both practitioners and science policy scholars. We first discuss how grants relate to other contractual
The Private Impact of Public Data: Landsat Satellite Maps Increased Gold Discoveries and Encouraged Entry
How does public data shape the relative performance of incumbents and entrants in the private sector? Using a simple theoretical framework, I argue that public data reduces investment uncertainty,
Drinking from the Firehose: Preprints, Chinese Scientists, and the Diffusion of Research on COVID-19
Platforms such as preprints websites have become an increasingly important way to rapidly disseminate new knowledge prior to peer review. While these platforms are accessible to scientists and
Technical and social issues influencing the adoption of preprints in the life sciences
TLDR
An overview of current challenges facing preprints, both technical and social, and a vision for their future development are provided.
Internalizing Externalities: Designing Effective Data Policies
* Hill: Department of Economics, MIT (email: ryanhill@ mit.edu); Stein: Department of Economics, MIT (email: cstein@mit.edu); Williams: Department of Economics, Stanford University (email:

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 60 REFERENCES
The Matthew effect in science funding
TLDR
The results show that winners just above the funding threshold accumulate more than twice as much funding during the subsequent eight years as nonwinners with near-identical review scores that fall just below the threshold, suggesting that early funding itself is an asset for acquiring later funding.
Race to the Bottom: Competition and Quality in Science
This paper investigates how competition to publish first and thereby establish priority impacts the quality of scientific research. We begin by developing a model where scientists decide whether and
Simultaneous Discoveries as a Research Tool: Method and Promise
TLDR
A new method that uses the literature on the social construction of science to go beyond the old debate of scientific and technological similarity is proposed and a new algorithm that generated a large dataset of scientific multiples in an automated and systematic fashion is presented.
The Simple Economics of Basic Scientific Research
  • R. Nelson
  • Economics
    Journal of Political Economy
  • 1959
R ECENTLY, orbiting evidence of unAmerican technological competition has focused attention on the role played by scientific research in our political economy. Since Sputnik it has become almost trite
Matthew: Effect or Fable?
TLDR
This work estimates the effect of a scientist becoming a Howard Hughes Medical Institute HHMI Investigator on citations to articles the scientist published before the prize was awarded and finds evidence of a postappointment citation boost, but the effect is small and limited to a short window of time.
What Do Editors Maximize? Evidence from Four Economics Journals
Abstract We study editorial decisions using anonymized submissions matched to citations at four leading economics journals. We develop a benchmark model in which editors maximize the expected quality
Early-career setback and future career impact
TLDR
Comparing junior scientists who were awarded a NIH grant to those with similar track records, who were not, and find that individuals with the early setback systematically performed better in the longer term are consistent with the concept that “what doesn’t kill me makes me stronger.
Toward a new economics of science
Reputation and Earnings: The Roles of Quality and Quantity in Academe
We examine the determinants of professional reputation. Does quantity of exposures raise reputation independent of quality? Does quality of the most important exposure have extra effects on
Does Winning a Patent Race Lead to More Follow-On Innovation?
Competition between firms to invent and patent an idea, or “patent racing,” has been much discussed in theory, but seldom analyzed empirically and never at scale. This article introduces an
...
...