Sclerotherapy of bleeding esophageal varices. Long-term results.


Sixty-one patients presenting with hemorrhage from esophageal varices were treated with sclerotherapy by means of a fiberoptic endoscope. Twenty-nine had acute bleeding, which was stopped in 90%. Thirty-two were treated after recent bleeding. The hospital mortality was 31%. Re-bleeding occurred in 55% of those discharged but was easily controlled. Fatal complications occurred in 5%. The calculated 4-year survival was 35%. Two thirds of this mortality could be attributed to liver failure. The intellectual function of the patients appeared to be unaffected.


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@article{Kjaergaard1982SclerotherapyOB, title={Sclerotherapy of bleeding esophageal varices. Long-term results.}, author={Jesper Kjaergaard and Alemka Brncic Fischer and Jerzy Miskowiak and Finn Lindahl and Helge Baden}, journal={Scandinavian journal of gastroenterology}, year={1982}, volume={17 3}, pages={363-7} }