Scientology: Therapeutic Cult to Religious Sect

@article{Wallis1975ScientologyTC,
  title={Scientology: Therapeutic Cult to Religious Sect},
  author={R. Wallis},
  journal={Sociology},
  year={1975},
  volume={9},
  pages={100 - 89}
}
Prevailing conceptions of the cult are criticized. A new typology of religious collectivities is elaborated and related to a theory of the development of cults. This theory claims that a central feature of the cult is `epistemological individualism'. The central characteristic of the sect on the other hand is `epistemological authoritarianism'. The process of sectarianization therefore involves the arrogation of authority typically on the basis of a claim to a new and superior revelation… Expand
18 Citations

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