Scientific opinion on the risks for animal and human health related to the presence of quinolizidine alkaloids in feed and food, in particular in lupins and lupin‐derived products

  title={Scientific opinion on the risks for animal and human health related to the presence of quinolizidine alkaloids in feed and food, in particular in lupins and lupin‐derived products},
  author={Dieter Schrenk and Laurent Bodin and James Kevin Chipman and Jes{\'u}s Del Mazo and Bettina Grasl-Kraupp and Christer Hogstrand and Laurentius (Ron) Hoogenboom and J-C. Leblanc and Carlo Nebbia and Elsa Nielsen and Evangelia E. Ntzani and Annette Petersen and Salomon Sand and Tanja Schwerdtle and Christiane Vleminckx and Heather M. Wallace and Jan Alexander and Bruce Cottrill and Birgit Dusemund and Patrick P. J. Mulder and Davide Arcella and Katleen Baert and Claudia Lo Cascio and Hans Steinkellner and Margherita Bignami},
  journal={EFSA Journal},
Abstract The European Commission asked EFSA for a scientific opinion on the risks for animal and human health related to the presence of quinolizidine alkaloids (QAs) in feed and food. This risk assessment is limited to QAs occurring in Lupinus species/varieties relevant for animal and human consumption in Europe (i.e. Lupinus albus L., Lupinus angustifolius L., Lupinus luteus L. and Lupinus mutabilis Sweet). Information on the toxicity of QAs in animals and humans is limited. Following acute… 
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