Scientific evidence of diets for weight loss: Different macronutrient composition, intermittent fasting, and popular diets.

  title={Scientific evidence of diets for weight loss: Different macronutrient composition, intermittent fasting, and popular diets.},
  author={Rachel Freire},

Figures and Tables from this paper

Diets and drugs for weight loss and health in obesity - An update.
A comparison of a ketogenic diet with a LowGI/nutrigenetic diet over 6 months for weight loss and 18-month follow-up
These findings demonstrate that the ketogenic group experienced enhanced weight loss during the 24-week dietary intervention and suggests that personalising nutrition has the potential to enhance long-term weight loss and changes in cardiometabolic parameters.
Efficacy of Dietary and Supplementation Interventions for Individuals with Type 2 Diabetes
This narrative review examines several purported supplements, such as protein, branched-chain amino acids, creatine, and vitamin D to improve glucose control and body composition and critically evaluate the effects of various dietary strategies on diabetes management and treatment.
Long Term Weight Loss Diets and Obesity Indices: Results of a Network Meta-Analysis
Dietary interventions extending over ≥12 months are superior to UD in inducing weight, BMI and WC loss, and HFLC might be associated with a slightly higher WL compared with MM diets.
A Clinical Perspective of Low Carbohydrate Ketogenic Diets: A Narrative Review
An overview of the characteristics of the main dietary regimens applied in the treatment of different clinical conditions as well as of the scientific evidence that justifies their use is offered, focusing on low and zero-carb diets and on the different types of fasting.
Dietary Management of Obesity: A Review of the Evidence
An evidence based comparative analysis of the effects of different popular dietary strategies on weight loss, metabolic responses and diet adherence in obesity is presented.
A comparison of dietary quality and nutritional adequacy of popular energy restricted diets against the Australian Guide to Healthy Eating and the Mediterranean Diet.
There is limited information regarding the nutrition profile and diet quality of meal plans from currently popular weight loss diets in Australia. This includes the energy content (kilojoules), the
Dietary Approaches and Health Outcomes: An Evidence Analysis Center Scoping Review.
Effects of time-restricted feeding in weight loss, metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular risk in obese women
The anthropometric evaluation that predicts %BF and %MM could be used as an approach to follow individuals engaged in the TRF regimen since they correlate with cardiovascular risk.


A call for an end to the diet debates.
It is found that adherence—the degree to which participants continued in the program or met program goals for diet and physical activity—was most strongly associated with weight loss and improvement in disease-related outcomes.
Effects of Ketogenic Diets on Cardiovascular Risk Factors: Evidence from Animal and Human Studies
The aim of this review is to discuss the role of ketogenic diets on different cardiovascular risk factors in both animals and humans based on available evidence.
Obesity Energetics: Body Weight Regulation and the Effects of Diet Composition.
A meta-analysis of 32 controlled feeding studies with isocaloric substitution of carbohydrate for fat found that both energy expenditure and fat loss were greater with lower fat diets, with the set-point model being most commensurate with current data.
Comparison of weight-loss diets with different compositions of fat, protein, and carbohydrates.
Low-calorie diets result in clinically meaningful weight loss regardless of which macronutrients they emphasize, and improved lipid-related risk factors and fasting insulin levels.
The Role of Macronutrient Content in the Diet for Weight Management.
The Carbohydrate-Insulin Model of Obesity: Beyond “Calories In, Calories Out”
The principles of a low-glycemic load diet offer a practical alternative to the conventional focus on dietary fat and calorie restriction and provide a conceptual framework for understanding how many dietary and nondietary exposures might alter hormones, metabolism, and adipocyte biology in ways that could predispose to obesity.
Dietary protein - its role in satiety, energetics, weight loss and health.
Dietary protein contributes to the treatment of obesity and the metabolic syndrome, by acting on the relevant metabolic targets of satiety and energy expenditure in negative energy balance, thereby preventing a weight cycling effect.
Weight loss with a low-carbohydrate, Mediterranean, or low-fat diet.
BACKGROUND Trials comparing the effectiveness and safety of weight-loss diets are frequently limited by short follow-up times and high dropout rates. METHODS In this 2-year trial, we randomly
Systematic Review of the Mediterranean Diet for Long-Term Weight Loss.
A systematic review and meta-analysis of changes in body weight in clinical trials of vegetarian diets.