Scientific contributions of A. V. Hill: exercise physiology pioneer.

@article{Bassett2002ScientificCO,
  title={Scientific contributions of A. V. Hill: exercise physiology pioneer.},
  author={David Bassett},
  journal={Journal of applied physiology},
  year={2002},
  volume={93 5},
  pages={
          1567-82
        }
}
  • D. Bassett
  • Published 1 November 2002
  • Medicine
  • Journal of applied physiology
Beginning in 1910, A. V. Hill performed careful experiments on the time course of heat production in isolated frog muscle. [...] Key Method Hill and his colleagues made measurements of O(2) consumption on themselves and other subjects running around an 85-m grass track. In the process of this work, they defined the terms "maximum O(2) intake," "O(2) requirement," and "steady state of exercise." Other contributions of Hill include his discoveries of heat production in nerve, the series elastic component, and the…Expand
History of developments in sport and exercise physiology: A. V. Hill, maximal oxygen uptake, and oxygen debt
  • T. Hale
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of sports sciences
  • 2008
TLDR
A thumb-nail sketch of some of the key issues that have been instrumental in the development of the scientific study of exercise, and more particularly sports, physiology is provided.
Testing for maximum oxygen consumption has produced a brainless model of human exercise performance
  • T. Noakes
  • Medicine
    British Journal of Sports Medicine
  • 2008
TLDR
This experiment established the single most popular test in the exercise sciences – the progressive exercise test for the measurement of the maximum oxygen consumption (VO2max) and established a model to explain the biology of human exercise performance.
Time to move beyond a brainless exercise physiology: the evidence for complex regulation of human exercise performance.
  • T. Noakes
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Applied physiology, nutrition, and metabolism = Physiologie appliquee, nutrition et metabolisme
  • 2011
TLDR
It is argued that the central governor model (CGM) is better able to explain at least 6 common phenomena, including differential pacing strategies for different exercise durations, the end spurt, and the presence of fatigue even though homeostasis is maintained.
Mechanics and Energetics of Muscular Contraction: Before Sliding Filaments and into the Modern Era
Muscle is first and foremost a machine that utilizes fuel to generate force and do work. This fact was emphasized in a very colorful way by Douglas (Doug) R. Wilkie, a professor in the department of
Lactic Acid and Exercise Performance
TLDR
It is hypothesised that a severe plasma acidosis in humans might impair exercise performance by causing a reduced CNS drive to muscle, and led to the idea that lactate/ H+ is ergogenic during exercise.
Skeletal muscle tissue in movement and health: positives and negatives
  • S. Lindstedt
  • Biology, Medicine
    Journal of Experimental Biology
  • 2016
TLDR
The mechanics and energetics of muscles doing work (shortening) are better understood than those of muscles being stretched while active, and recent evidence suggests the elastic titin filament plays a key role.
Critical power: implications for determination of V˙O2max and exercise tolerance.
TLDR
This brief review presents the practical and theoretical foundations for the CP concept, explores rigorous alternative mathematical approaches, and highlights exciting new evidence regarding its mechanistic bases and its broad applicability to human athletic performance.
Oxygen uptake kinetics.
TLDR
Greater understanding of VO2 kinetics control and, in particular, its relation to the plasticity of the O2-transport/utilization system is considered important for improving the human condition, not just in athletic populations, but crucially for patients suffering from pathologically slowed VO2Kinetics as well as the burgeoning elderly population.
Root of knowledge in exercise physiology
This article aims to give a personal view on the training that teachers must acquire in order to teach an organism to respond and adapt to exercise and training, respectively. It is believed that to
Why is there still so much confusion about VO2 plateau? A re-examination of the work of A.V. Hill
Maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) is regarded as the gold standard for assessing aerobic fitness. In 1923, Hill et al. proposed that VO2max represents the maximal ability of the body to take in and
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 137 REFERENCES
Maximal oxygen uptake: "old" and "new" arguments for a cardiovascular limitation.
The research performed over the last 100 yr in regard to oxygen transport during exercise is reviewed. Special focus is on major shifts in views held on which link may limit maximal oxygen uptake of
The relation between the work performed and the energy liberated in muscular contraction
  • W. O. Fenn
  • Physics, Medicine
    The Journal of physiology
  • 1924
TLDR
The purpose of this paper is to discuss the significance of the term kW, particularly from the point of view of the theory that a stimulated muscle can be regarded as an elastic body, and to present further experiments which make possible a more detailed analysis of the excess energy, kW.
A quantitative comparison between the energy liberated and the work performed by the isolated sartorius muscle of the frog
  • W. O. Fenn
  • Chemistry, Medicine
    The Journal of physiology
  • 1923
TLDR
It can now be shown that there is a fairly good quantitative relation between the heat production of muscles and the work which they perform, and that a muscle which does work liberates, ipsofacto, an extra supply of energy which does not appear in an isometric contraction.
A.V. Hill, C.H., F.R.S. - an appreciation.
  • E. Hamley
  • Medicine
    British journal of sports medicine
  • 1976
To present an appreciation of A. V. Hill is to follow in the wake of a long and impressive list of others who have honoured this quite remarkable man. Certainly there has been variety. The earliest I
The Dynamics of Muscular Contraction
This investigation started with an attempt to verify, on isolated frog’s muscle stimulated directly, the relations established by A. V. Hill (11) and others (17), (12), between the speed of
Total Energy Production and Phosphocreatine Hydrolysis in the Isotonic Twitch
TLDR
It is concluded that phosphocreatine hydrolysis and its associated buffer reactions can account quantitatively for the total energy output of isometric and isotonic twitches.
Muscular exercise, lactic acid, and the supply and utilisation of oxygen
Muscular Exercise, Lactic Acid, and the Supply and Utilisation of Oxygen
The method of studying the respiratory exchanges of man employed throughout our investigation has been that of the Douglas bag. No other method allows the same facility and accuracy in following a
Muscular exercise, lactic acid and the supply and utilisation of oxygen.— Parts VII–VIII
(A) The relation between oxygen intake and severity of exertion . — When muscular exercise commences, the ventilation of the lungs, the oxygen intake and the carbon dioxide output rise rapidly, in a
The changes in respiration at the transition from work to rest
TLDR
The present paper proposes to deal with another transitional state, namely the transition from work to rest, using Krogh's bicycle ergometer and respiration apparatus, and draws b-samples of alveolar air corresponding to the former.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...