Scientific citations in Wikipedia

@article{Nielsen2007ScientificCI,
  title={Scientific citations in Wikipedia},
  author={Finn {\AA}rup Nielsen},
  journal={First Monday},
  year={2007},
  volume={12}
}
  • F. Nielsen
  • Published 2007
  • Sociology, Computer Science
  • First Monday
The Internet-based encyclopaedia Wikipedia has grown to become one of the most visited Web sites on the Internet, but critics have questioned the quality of entries. An empirical study of Wikipedia found errors in a 2005 sample of science entries. Biased coverage and lack of sources are among the "Wikipedia risks." This paper describes a simple assessment of these aspects by examining the outbound links from Wikipedia articles to articles in scientific journals with a comparison against journal… Expand
Methodological issues in measuring citations in Wikipedia: a case study in Library and Information Science
TLDR
The coverage of Library and Information Science literature published between 2001 and 2010 in Wikipedia is explored, paying special attention to the methodological issues involved in counting Wikipedia citations, revealing severe limitations in the use of Wikipedia citations for research evaluation. Expand
Why and where Wikipedia is cited in journal articles?
TLDR
There are 20 motivations for citing Wikipedia and the most frequent of them are providing general information and definition, facts and figures, and computer sciences, internet and chemistry were the most cited subjects. Expand
Are wikipedia citations important evidence of the impact of scholarly articles and books?
TLDR
The results show that citations from Wikipedia to articles are too rare for most research evaluation purposes, with only 5% of articles being cited in all fields, and so Wikipedia is not recommended for evaluations affecting stakeholder interests. Expand
The Transmission of Scientific Knowledge to Wikipedia
TLDR
It is found that, controlling for im- pact factor and open access policy, Wikipedia over-represents journals from the Social Sciences, and under-rep Representation of Journals from the Physical Sciences and Health Sciences and an open-access policy is not associated with increased Wikipedia presence. Expand
A comparative study of academic and Wikipedia ranking
TLDR
The results show that academic and Wikipedia impact are positively correlated and validate the hypothesis that Wikipedia can help assess the impact of scholarly publications and underpin relevance indicators for scholarly retrieval or recommendation systems. Expand
Quantifying Engagement with Citations on Wikipedia
TLDR
This work built client-side instrumentation for logging all interactions with links leading from English Wikipedia articles to cited references during one month, and conducted the first analysis of readers’ interactions with citations, finding that overall engagement with citations is low and that references are consulted more commonly when Wikipedia itself does not contain the information sought by the user. Expand
Measuring the quality of scientific references in Wikipedia: an analysis of more than 115M citations to over 800 000 scientific articles
TLDR
Most scientific articles cited by Wikipedia articles are uncited or untested by subsequent studies, and the remainder show a wide variability in contradicting or supporting evidence. Expand
Web indicators for research evaluation. Part 1: Citations and links to academic articles from the Web
TLDR
Research about Google Scholar and Google Patents are reviewed, both of which can be used as sources of impact indicators for academic articles and methods to extract types of links and citations from the web as a whole are reviewed. Expand
A Comparative Study of Academic impact and Wikipedia Ranking
In addition to its broad popularity Wikipedia is also widely used for scholarly purposes. Many Wikipedia pages pertain to academic papers, scholars and topics providing a rich ecology for scholarlyExpand
Wikipedia and institutional repositories: an academic symbiosis?
A study of citations from Wikipedia articles to documents in institutional repositories showed that although the number of citations was small in relation to the number of documents (citations madeExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 17 REFERENCES
Free online availability substantially increases a paper's impact
TLDR
The results are dramatic, showing a clear correlation between the number of times an article is cited and the probability that the article is online, in computer science. Expand
Network Analysis for Wikipedia
Network analysis is a quantitative methodology for studying properties related to connectivity and distances in graphs, with diverse applications like citation indexing and information retrieval onExpand
Wikipedia risks
The Wikipedia (WP; en.wikipedia.org/wiki/) applies the wiki technology (from a Hawaiian word for “quick”) to the encyclopedia, a venerable form of knowledge organization and dissemination. WikipediaExpand
Assessing the value of cooperation in Wikipedia
TLDR
It is shown that the accretion of edits to an article is described by a simple stochastic mechanism, resulting in a heavy tail of highly visible articles with a large number of edits, which validates Wikipedia as a successful collaborative effort. Expand
Puppy smoothies: Improving the reliability of open, collaborative wikis
TLDR
This paper provides a practical proposal for improving user confidence in wiki information by coloring the text of a wiki article based on the venerability of the text on the philosophy that bad information is less likely to survive a collaborative editing process over large numbers of edits. Expand
Internet encyclopaedias go head to head
Jimmy Wales' Wikipedia comes close to Britannica in terms of the accuracy of its science entries, a Nature investigation finds.  UPDATE: see details of how the data were collected for this article inExpand
A content-driven reputation system for the wikipedia
TLDR
The results show that the notion of reputation has good predictive value: changes performed by low-reputation authors have a significantly larger than average probability of having poor quality, as judged by human observers, and of being later undone, as measured by the algorithms. Expand
Computing trust from revision history
TLDR
This paper explores ways of utilizing the revision history of an article to assess the trustworthiness of the article and uses this revision history-based trust model to assess a chain of successive versions of articles in Wikipedia and evaluated the assessments produced by the model. Expand
Network Analysis of Wikipedia
TLDR
The data suggest at least three stages of growth, the last of which has only recently emerged, and how growth depends upon infrastructure and internal links is considered. Expand
Managing Information Quality in Virtual Communities of Practice
This paper examines why the rise of computermediated communication, driven by dramatically lowered cost, creates new structural problems from an information quality standpoint. We review how the newExpand
...
1
2
...