Scientific Methodologies in Medieval Islam

  title={Scientific Methodologies in Medieval Islam},
  author={Jon McGinnis},
  journal={Journal of the History of Philosophy},
  pages={307 - 327}
  • J. McGinnis
  • Published 25 June 2003
  • Philosophy
  • Journal of the History of Philosophy
The present study considers Ibn Sînâ's (Lat. Avicenna) account of induction (istiqra') and experimentation (tajriba). For Ibn Sînâ induction purportedly provided the absolute, necessary and certain first principles of a science. Ibn Sînâ criticized induction, arguing that it can neither guarantee the necessity nor provide the primitiveness required of first principles. In it place, Ibn Sînâ developed a theory of experimentation, which avoids the pitfalls of induction by not providing absolute… 

Reason and Its History in Ethics and Theology

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  • J. McGinnis
  • Philosophy
    The Unity of Science in the Arabic Tradition
  • 2008
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The distinction between the potential intellect and the active intellect was first drawn by Aristotle. Medieval Islamic, Jewish, Christian philosophers, and European philosophers in the sixteenth

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Soulevant le probleme de l'acquisition perceptuelle et/ou intellectuelle des principes d'une science dans les «Seconds analytiques» d'Aristote, l'A. souligne l'aspect complementaire de l'empirisme et