Scientific Graphs and the Hierarchy of the Sciences:

@article{Smith2000ScientificGA,
  title={Scientific Graphs and the Hierarchy of the Sciences:},
  author={Laurence D. Smith and Lisa A. Best and D. Alan Stubbs and John Johnston and Andrea Bastiani Archibald},
  journal={Social Studies of Science},
  year={2000},
  volume={30},
  pages={73 - 94}
}
Studies comparing the cognitive status of the sciences have long sought to identify the distinguishing features of `hard' and `soft' science. Attempts by philosophers of science to ground such distinctions in abstract principles and by sociologists of science to detect relevant differences (for example, in consensus levels) have met with limited success. However, recent investigations of scientists' concrete practices of data representation provide new leads on this problem. In particular… 
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