Corpus ID: 170077598

Scientific Evidence Indicates Natural Selection and Brain-Based Education Conflict with Human Nature

  title={Scientific Evidence Indicates Natural Selection and Brain-Based Education Conflict with Human Nature},
  author={C. Joubert},
Natural selection is the key concept in the evolution story explaining the existence of living objects and their properties. The concept of natural selection must also be taught to be understood, but misconceptions persist, even after instruction. Researchers found the root of their perplexity in children; they have an innate, natural, intuitive, and unlearned tendency to reason about the world as biblical creationists do. Therefore, to avoid an ongoing impediment to scientific literacy… Expand


Why are rocks pointy? Children's preference for teleological explanations of the natural world.
Two studies explored the tendency of adults and first-, second-, and fourth-grade elementary-school children to explain the properties of living and nonliving natural kinds in teleological terms, finding that children were more likely than adults to broadly explainThe properties of both living andNonliving natural types in teleology terms, although the kinds of functions that they endorsed varied with age. Expand
Cognitive and Contextual Factors in the Emergence of Diverse Belief Systems: Creation versus Evolution
  • E. M. Evans
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Cognitive Psychology
  • 2001
Children's natural-history knowledge and religious interest predicted their evolutionist and creationist beliefs, respectively, independently of parent beliefs, and it is argued that this divergent developmental pattern is optimally explained with a model of constructive interactionism. Expand
Intuitions About Origins: Purpose and Intelligent Design in Children's Reasoning About Nature
Two separate bodies of research suggest that young children have (a) a broad tendency to reason about natural phenomena in terms of a purpose (e.g., Kelemen, 1999c) and (b) an orientation towardExpand
The Human Function Compunction: Teleological explanation in adults
Two experiments explored whether adults implicitly possess a similar bias in favor of teleological--or purpose-based--explanations of natural phenomena and the relationship between different aspects of adults' "promiscuous teleology" and other variables such as scientific knowledge, religious beliefs, and inhibitory control. Expand
17 Minds , BrAins And LeArning gAMes HoW CAn We Use insigHts froM neUrosCienCe to HeLP Us teACH And LeArn More effeCtiVeLY ?
National and supra-national initiatives, as well as the launching of associated journals and postgraduate courses, suggest that neuroscience is becoming a new source of insight for education. In theExpand
Are Children “Intuitive Theists”?
  • D. Kelemen
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Psychological science
  • 2004
Separate bodies of research suggest that young children have a broad tendency to reason about natural phenomena in terms of purpose and an orientation toward intention-based accounts of the originsExpand
Development and Evaluation of the Conceptual Inventory of Natural Selection
Natural selection as a mechanism of evolution is a central concept in biology; yet, most nonbiology-majors do not thoroughly understand the theory even after instruction. Many alternative conceptionsExpand
Natural selection is one of the core mechanisms of evolution, a unifying principle in biology, and the process responsible for the functional adaptation of biological organisms. Despite itsExpand
The folk psychology of souls
  • J. Bering
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • 2006
The central thesis of the present article is that an organized cognitive “system” dedicated to forming illusory representations of psychological immortality, the intelligent design of the self, and the symbolic meaning of natural events evolved in response to the unique selective pressures of the human social environment. Expand
The Emergence of Beliefs about the Origins of Species in School-Age Children.
Two studies address children's emerging understanding of the origins of species. Elementary-school children, aged 5-12 years, were interviewed about their under standing of biological origins and ofExpand