Science in court: Arrested development

  title={Science in court: Arrested development},
  author={Lizzie Buchen},
Does Watching a Play about the Teenage Brain Affect Attitudes toward Young Offenders?
Public engagement in the newest arrival to the criminological scene – neuroscience – may shift support for different youth justice responses, especially on the first offense.
Personal Liability and Human Free Will in the Background of Emerging Neuroethical Issues: Some Remarks Arising From Recent Case Law
The paper concludes that neuroethics is not challenged by the data coming from the use of emerging neurotechnologies, but human self-perception is strongly affected by it and some of the traditional legal institutions in the field of law e.g., criminal law are challenged.
Epigenetics and Child Psychiatry: Ethical and Legal Issues.
  • C. Thomas
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Behavioral sciences & the law
  • 2015
Recommendations for safeguards and guidelines on the use of epigenetics with children and adolescents are outlined based on the identified issues.
The human brain—from cells to society
This perspective summarizes the main outcomes of that discussion and highlights important considerations to support improved mental health in Europe, including the development of integrated neuropsychotherapeutic approaches to the treatment of psychiatric disorders.
Neurosciences and Emotional Self-Regulation Applied to Mental Health Contexts
High-light self-regulation that is an executive function managed by the prefrontal cortex of the frontal lobe of the brain, essential to keep the individual active in the process to achieve their goals.
Neurolaw in Latin America: Current Status and Challenges
Abstract Despite several decades of growing interest in the concept of neurolaw in English-speaking countries, it is only a recent area of focus in Latin America. The objective of this article was to


Development during Adolescence of the Neural Processing of Social Emotion
Results show that, although the MPFC is activated during social emotion in both adults and adolescents, adolescents recruit anterior (MPFC) regions more than do adults, and adults recruit posterior (temporal) regionsMore than do adolescents.
Earlier Development of the Accumbens Relative to Orbitofrontal Cortex Might Underlie Risk-Taking Behavior in Adolescents
It is suggested that maturing subcortical systems become disproportionately activated relative to later maturing top–down control systems, biasing the adolescent's action toward immediate over long-term gains.
Maturation of Widely Distributed Brain Function Subserves Cognitive Development
It is suggested that efficient top-down modulation of reflexive acts may not be fully developed until adulthood and evidence that maturation of function across widely distributed brain regions lays the groundwork for enhanced voluntary control of behavior during cognitive development is provided.
Maturational changes in anterior cingulate and frontoparietal recruitment support the development of error processing and inhibitory control.
Functional magnetic resonance imaging is used to examine time courses of brain activity in 77 individuals aged 8-27 years during correct and incorrect performance of an oculomotor task requiring inhibitory control to suggest functional changes in dorsal ACC associated with error regulation and error-feedback utilization underlie age-related improvements in performance.
White Matter Integrity Predicts Delay Discounting Behavior in 9- to 23-Year-Olds: A Diffusion Tensor Imaging Study
Diffusion tensor imaging was used to evaluate how individual differences in delay discounting relate to variation in fractional anisotropy and mean diffusivity within whole-brain white matter using voxel-based regressions, revealing a number of clusters where less impulsive performance on the delay discounted task was associated with higher FA and lower MD.
Frontostriatal microstructure modulates efficient recruitment of cognitive control.
It is suggested that frontostriatal connectivity may contribute to developmental and individual differences in the efficient recruitment of cognitive control.