Science friction: data, metadata, and collaboration.

@article{Edwards2011ScienceFD,
  title={Science friction: data, metadata, and collaboration.},
  author={Paul N. Edwards and Matthew S. Mayernik and Archer L. Batcheller and Geoffrey C. Bowker and Christine L. Borgman},
  journal={Social studies of science},
  year={2011},
  volume={41 5},
  pages={667-90}
}
When scientists from two or more disciplines work together on related problems, they often face what we call 'science friction'. As science becomes more data-driven, collaborative, and interdisciplinary, demand increases for interoperability among data, tools, and services. Metadata--usually viewed simply as 'data about data', describing objects such as books, journal articles, or datasets--serve key roles in interoperability. Yet we find that metadata may be a source of friction between… CONTINUE READING
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