Science as Handmaiden: Roger Bacon and the Patristic Tradition

  title={Science as Handmaiden: Roger Bacon and the Patristic Tradition},
  author={David C. Lindberg},
  pages={518 - 536}
E VERY HISTORIAN OF MEDIEVAL SCIENCE must sooner or later confront the enigma of Roger Bacon, the thirteenth-century Franciscan renowned for his attack on authority and his defense of mathematics and experimental science. Bacon has become the symbol, not exactly of medieval science, but of modern science struggling to emerge during the medieval period-prevented from doing so by ecclesiastical repression. Symbolism, of course, can be a vehicle for misunderstanding as well as understanding, and… 
Heaven, hell and purgatory: 1100–1500
Religious authorities, who were often political powers too, functioned at all levels, from the papacy to the parish, and also shaped personal attitudes towards heaven and hell. The chapter discusses
The legal underpinnings
The legal underpinnings of the Western church experienced a major transformation during the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. This was a period in which papal legislation found its stride, in the
The bishops of Rome, 1100–1300
This chapter discusses the principal components of papal overlordship in the High Middle Ages and the criticisms levelled against overweening Roman might. The twelfth century witnessed the first
On the margins of religious life: hermits and recluses, penitents and tertiaries, beguines and beghards
This chapter examines a diverse but important group of people who defy easy categorisation yet were all loosely associated with religious life. As hermits and recluses, lay 'penitents', beguines and
Repression and power
Book synopsis: During the early middle ages, Europe developed complex and varied Christian cultures, and from about 1100 secular rulers, competing factions and inspired individuals continued to
Monastic and religious orders, c. 1100–c. 1350
This chapter shows that the twelfth and thirteenth centuries manifest an embarrassment of riches: the number, variety and development of monastic and religious orders in this period is overwhelming.
The Rise of Modern Science and the Decline of Theology as the ‘Queen of Sciences’ in the Early Modern Era
Abstract The early modern period witnessed an important transformation in the Christian tradition of determining who had the authority to speak for nature and to read the Deity's mind in nature. This
Some Principal Changes in Medieval and Early Modern Europe
As opposed to the h istory ofthought which has been awarded thorough attention by inte l l ectual historians i n the Collingwoodian tradition , the h istory of the activ i ty of thinking has h ardly
Christians and heretics
This chapter discusses the principal archaeological remains, namely the large numbers of manuscript books which contain the church's views of the topic. It also shows how these groups were fashioned
Christendom and Islam
Given the great variety of Christian andMuslim cultures in the Middle Ages, it should not be surprising that relations between the two defy synthesis. The relationships to Islam of the many