Science and the Desiccationist Discourse of the 20th Century

  title={Science and the Desiccationist Discourse of the 20th Century},
  author={Vasant K. Saberwal},
  journal={Environment and History},
  • V. Saberwal
  • Published 1 October 1998
  • Environmental Science
  • Environment and History
Recent ecological research has questioned the scientific validity of a number of environmental disaster scenarios, particularly those centred on the causal linkages between deforestation and desertification and intensified flooding. This essay explores the progression of theoretical models and empirical research linked to the understanding of the capacity of forested systems to regulate the hydrological regimes of a given area. Drawing upon writings of American and Indian foresters, I suggest… 
Climate as resource and challenge: international cooperation in the UNESCO Arid Zone Programme
ABSTRACT Perceptions of climatic challenges have changed significantly during the twentieth century. In recent decades, the question of global climate change received more attention than regional
Ecologies of the colonial present: Pathological forestry from the taux de boisement to civilized plantations
Tree-planting has long been an obsession of postcolonial environmental governance. Never innocent of its imperial history, the practice persists in global regimes of forestry today. For over two
Desert ‘wastes’ of the Maghreb: desertification narratives in French colonial environmental history of North Africa
The origins of the word ‘desertification’, most commonly attributed to Aubréville’s 1949 work on tropical African forests, may be traced back much earlier, to nineteenth-century French colonial North
Woodlands, Warlords, and Wasteful Nations: Transnational Networks and Conservation Science in 1920s China
Abstract This article investigates the production of conservation science at nodes of transnational networks of encounter through an examination of field studies conducted during the mid-1920s in
Forests and Hydrological Services: Reconciling public and science perceptions
This paper compares and contrasts the science and public perceptions of the role of forests in relation to water quantity (annual and seasonal runoff and recharge) and erosion. It is suggested that
The enduring link between forest cover and rainfall: a historical perspective on science and policy discussions
BackgroundThis article traces the history of scientific ideas connecting forest cover with rainfall to inform ongoing debates about whether forests are net users or producers of water in the
Unlikely Alliances
Popular beliefs about climate and forests in Mexico structure the authority and credibility of the state and will powerfully affect efforts to protect forests to mitigate climate change.
Bridges and Borders: Entanglements of Conservation—Conservation is Development in the Forests of Nagarahole Tiger Reserve, India
  • Priya Gupta
  • Environmental Science
    Journal of South Asian Development
  • 2021
The relationship between conservation and development has undergone extensive scrutiny, primarily because of they appear to be antagonistic. Recent work points instead to their complex intermingling,
Conservation, Exploitation, and Cultural Change in the Indian Forest Service, 1875–1927
  • B. Weil
  • Environmental Science
    Environmental History
  • 2006
Although the Indian Forest Service was founded on conservationist principles, by the twentieth century it had become almost exclusively devoted to profitable exploitation of the forests it managed.
The Ifugao agricultural landscapes: Agro-cultural complexes and the intensification debate
Most models that explain the development of agricultural systems suggest evolutionary relationships between extensive (e.g. swidden cultivation) and intensive (e.g. wet-rice cultivation) forms of