Science and Technology

  title={Science and Technology},
  author={George Wise},
  pages={229 - 246}
  • G. Wise
  • Published 1 January 1985
  • Sociology
  • Osiris
THE RELATION OF SCIENCE TO TECHNOLOGY is not the stuff of front page news. But on 7 August 1984 it made the front page of the Science section of the New York Times. "Does Genius or Technology Rule Science?" a headline read. The story beneath described a "new school" of historical thought hat "lauds technology as an overlooked force in expanding the horizons of scientific knowledge." It attributed the new view to the late historian Derek de Solla Price, who had, in his last lecture and paper… Expand
Publisher Summary A popular strategy for studying technological knowledge and arguing for epistemic emancipation is to contrast science and technology—more specifically: to look at differencesExpand
Historiographical layers in the relationship between science and technology
Abstract This paper aims to examine historiographical layers in the historical narrative on the relationship between science and technology, a topic which has been exhaustively discussed withoutExpand
Relevance and Problem Choice in Design Science
Insights from the history of science and technology are summarized to substantiate points and an extended framework for design science to incorporate these insights are provided. Expand
Conditions of Science: The Three-Way Tension of Freedom, Accountability and Utility
Participants in political debates over science typically support their case by appealing to one specific way in which scientific research is connected to something we all value. In this paper, we layExpand
Introduction: The Why, What and How of Social Systems Engineering
The expression ‘social systems engineering’ is not new. As far as we know, its first appearance in the literature dates from the mid‐1970s. In 1975, the Proceedings of the IEEE published a specialExpand
Economics and technological change: An evolutionary epistemological inquiry
The failure of neoclassical economic theories to explain the nature and significance of the phenomenon of technological change is critically looked at in this article. Although there are numerousExpand
Technological knowledge and technological change
Abstract Interest in technological change stems from our belief that it is responsible for inducing lasting social and economic changes. One important aspect of technological change that is oftenExpand
Public Support of Science: Searching for Harmony
My subject is the rationale for public support of science in the post cold‐war era. The first question is, Whose rationale? Congressman George Brown's or Senator Barbara Mikulski's or President BillExpand
Science for whom? Agricultural development and the theory of induced innovation
Marxist social scientists have argued that the relationship between social and technical change is one of mutual interaction; innovation in the modes of production affects social organization, andExpand
Technology, science and American innovation
This article offers for consideration four propositions about business, government, and innovation in the post-World War Two United States, points which may have a wider resonance as well. TheyExpand


Industrial Research and the Pursuit of Corporate Security: The Early Years of Bell Labs
Among the industries that owe their existence to technological innovation, voice communication by wire and by radio is an outstanding example. Professor Reich explains that during its first quarterExpand
The electric motor, the telegraph, and Joseph Henry's theory of technological progress
Joseph Henry (1797-1878), America's foremost electrical physicist of the early nineteenth century, stood at the center of the developing science and technology of the newly discovered electricExpand
Edison and the Pure Science Ideal in 19th-Century America
Thomas A. Edison's high standing among scientists and the American public and his professed self-image as a scientist provoked America's noted experimental physicist, Henry A. Rowland, to make a "Plea for pure science" before the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 1883. Expand
A New Role for Professional Scientists in Industry: Industrial Research at General Electric, 1900-1916
Only an attentive stockholder would have noticed the item. It was buried near the bottom of the Report of the Third Vice President of the General Electric Company, in that firm's 1902 Annual Report.Expand
The Emergence of Basic Research in the Bell Telephone System, 1875-1915
DR. HODDESON, senior research physicist in the Physics Department at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, is also the archivist-historian at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory inExpand
Coal Tar Dye Manufacture and the Origins of the Modern Industrial Research Laboratory
To the best of my knowledge, the industrial research laboratory, as we know it today, first appeared in the German dyestuffs industry during the second half of the nineteenth century. It is notExpand
Charles F. Kettering and the Copper-Cooled Engine
Visitors to the 1923 New York Auto Show were greeted by the following statement in the Chevrolet exhibit area: "Chevrolet Motor Company announces an important development in economicalExpand
Industrial Research Laboratories
THE application of science to industry is a subject which the war has brought to the forefront in the most striking way possible; and it is beginning to be understood how essential to industrialExpand
Irving Langmuir: Engineer and Scientist
  • Technol. Cult
  • 1983