Corpus ID: 204800519

Science and Technology Advance through Surprise

@article{Shi2019ScienceAT,
  title={Science and Technology Advance through Surprise},
  author={Feng Shi and J. Evans},
  journal={ArXiv},
  year={2019},
  volume={abs/1910.09370}
}
Breakthrough discoveries and inventions involve unexpected combinations of contents including problems, methods, and natural entities, and also diverse contexts such as journals, subfields, and conferences. Drawing on data from tens of millions of research papers, patents, and researchers, we construct models that predict next year's content and context combinations with an AUC of 95% based on embeddings constructed from high-dimensional stochastic block models, where the improbability of new… Expand
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