Science Is Shaped by Wikipedia: Evidence From a Randomized Control Trial

  title={Science Is Shaped by Wikipedia: Evidence From a Randomized Control Trial},
  author={Neil C. Thompson and Douglas Hanley},
  journal={IRPN: Institutional},
“I sometimes think that general and popular treatises are almost as important for the progress of science as original work.” - Charles Darwin, 1865. As the largest encyclopedia in the world, it is not surprising that Wikipedia reflects the state of scientific knowledge. However, Wikipedia is also one of the most accessed websites in the world, including by scientists, which suggests that it also has the potential to shape science. This paper shows that it does. Incorporating ideas into… 
Reducing Bias in Wikipedia’s Coverage of Political Scientists
One in five political scientists with biographies on Wikipedia are women and almost half are American. Biases onWikipedia can cause real harm, so I created or expanded a political science–related
A Map of Science in Wikipedia
It is found that most journal articles cited from Wikipedia belong to STEM fields, in particular biology and medicine, and Wikipedia’s biographies play an important role in connecting STEM fields with the humanities, especially history.
Quantifying Engagement with Citations on Wikipedia
This work built client-side instrumentation for logging all interactions with links leading from English Wikipedia articles to cited references during one month, and conducted the first analysis of readers’ interactions with citations, finding that overall engagement with citations is low and that references are consulted more commonly when Wikipedia itself does not contain the information sought by the user.
A Clockwork Wikipedia: From a Broad Perspective to a Case Study
The different concerns the academic community has with Wikipedia are discussed to ask whether the online encyclopedia’s open model is inherently at odds with scientific culture or whether the model could reflect science or even expand on its core values and practices such as peer review and the idea of communicating science.
Adding evidence of the effects of treatments into relevant Wikipedia pages: a randomised trial
Investigating the effects of adding high-grade quantitative evidence of outcomes of treatments into relevant Wikipedia pages on further information-seeking behaviour by the use of routinely collected data found no evidence of effect on either of the coprimary outcomes.
Wikipedia citations: A comprehensive data set of citations with identifiers extracted from English Wikipedia
Wikipedia Citations, a comprehensive data set of citations extracted from Wikipedia, finds that 6.7% of Wikipedia articles cite at least one journal article with an associated DOI, and that Wikipedia cites just 2% of all articles with a DOI currently indexed in the Web of Science.
Assessing the Contribution of Subject-matter Experts to Wikipedia
It is estimated that approximately 10%--30% of Wikipedia’s contributors have substantial subject-matter expertise in the topics that they edit, and the scope of expert involvement is substantial, albeit with considerable differences across topics.
Externalities in knowledge production: evidence from a randomized field experiment
It is found that adding content to Wikipedia has a negligible impact on the subsequent long-run growth of content, implying that additional content does not generate sizable externalities, neither by inspiring nor by discouraging future contributions.
Why and how medical schools, peer-reviewed journals, and research funders should promote Wikipedia editing
An attempt is made to reconcile and identify the key stakeholders affected by Wikipedia’s accuracy and credibility, including medical institutions such as peer-reviewed journals, medical schools, research funders and academic reward systems.
On the Value of Wikipedia as a Gateway to the Web
A detailed analysis of usage logs gathered from Wikipedia users’ client devices sheds light on Wikipedia’s role not only as an important source of information, but also as a high-traffic gateway to the broader Web ecosystem.


Academics can help shape Wikipedia
The scientific community can improve Wikipedia on a more granular level by learning to edit the encyclopedia in areas that need improvement, and the new Wikidata system stores machine-readable, structured data, complementary to the prose format of the encyclopedia.
The Most Influential Medical Journals According to Wikipedia: Quantitative Analysis
Traditional high-impact medical and multidisciplinary journals were extensively cited by Wikipedia, suggesting that Wikipedia medical articles have robust underpinnings.
Importance of the lay press in the transmission of medical knowledge to the scientific community.
Columns in the Times that were covered by the Times received a disproportionate number of scientific citations in each of the 10 years after the Journal articles appeared, and the effect was strongest in the first year after publication.
Is Wikipedia Biased
This study empirically examines whether Wikipedia has a neutral point of view. It develops a method for measuring the slant of 28 thousand articles about US politics. In its earliest years,
Evolution of Wikipedia’s medical content: past, present and future
It is proposed that the medical community should prioritise the accuracy of biomedical information in the world’s most consulted encyclopaedia.
Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
To understand the central claims of evolutionary psychology the authors require an understanding of some key concepts in evolutionary biology, cognitive psychology, philosophy of science and philosophy of mind.
Victorian Popularizers of Science: Designing Nature for New Audiences
"Victorian Popularizers of Science" focuses on the journalists and writers who wrote about science for a general audience in the second half of the nineteenth century. Bernard Lightman examines more
The Random Long Tail and the Golden Age of Television
Digitization has reduced the costs of production, distribution, and promotion in music, movies, and books, with major consequences for both the number of new products made available as well as the
From Frequency to Meaning: Vector Space Models of Semantics
The goal in this survey is to show the breadth of applications of VSMs for semantics, to provide a new perspective on VSMs, and to provide pointers into the literature for those who are less familiar with the field.
Text Similarity in Vector Space Models: A Comparative Study
TFIDF performs surprisingly well in other cases: in particular for longer and more technical texts or for making finer-grained distinctions between nearest neighbours, and extensions to the TFIDF method were not helpful in this context.