Science's new social contract with society

@article{Gibbons1999SciencesNS,
  title={Science's new social contract with society},
  author={M. Gibbons},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1999},
  volume={402},
  pages={C81-C84}
}
Under the prevailing contract between science and society, science has been expected to produce 'reliable' knowledge, provided merely that it communicates its discoveries to society. A new contract must now ensure that scientific knowledge is 'socially robust', and that its production is seen by society to be both transparent and participative. 
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