Science, Philosophy, and Society: Some Recent Books

  title={Science, Philosophy, and Society: Some Recent Books},
  author={Eric Holtzman},
  journal={International Journal of Health Services},
  pages={123 - 149}
  • E. Holtzman
  • Published 1 January 1981
  • Sociology, Medicine
  • International Journal of Health Services
This essay discusses a number of issues developed in several recent books on philosophical and ethical problems in the natural sciences, both pure (especially biology) and applied (especially medicine). The scaffolding of the discussion can be outlined as follows: Science is most coherently portrayed as a set of activities through which societies deal with a distinctive, but continually evolving set of interwoven practical, empirical, and conceptual problems. Consequently, approaches which… 
Objectivity and ethics in environmental health science.
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  • Medicine
    Environmental health perspectives
  • 2003
It is described how a scientific practice that developed under the influence of medical and nuclear physics interacted with observations made by exposed community members to affect research questions, the interpretation of evidence, inferences about biological mechanisms in disease causation, and the use of evidence in litigation.
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emerged as an alternative to folk traditions, religion, and superstition as a way to understand and manipulate the material world. The value and prestige of the sciences derive not only from their
Critical discussion in epidemiology: problems with the Popperian approach.
A critique of Popper from within his own domain of interest is presented to show that Popper's philosophy is incomplete even for the physical sciences on which it is based, and that it is particularly inappropriate for epidemiology.
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  • Sociology, Medicine
    International journal of health services : planning, administration, evaluation
  • 1998
The author uses the phenomenon of intensive swine production by vertically integrated agribusiness to illustrate how broad problems such as environmental racism, agricultural determinants of nutrition, loss of natural resources, and conditions conducive to emergence of new diseases are hidden by epidemiological approaches that fit into corporate policy perspectives.
Response: Science, Public Health, and Objectivity: Research into the Accident at Three Mile Island
small tracts. We then compared cancer incidence and mortality rates in the tracts most heavily exposed with those less exposed, having taken account of both background radiation and routine plant
Bisphenol A in food cans: an update.
The role of the press and the medical community in the epidemic of "mysterious gas poisoning" in the Jordan West Bank and the impact of ionizing radiations on human populations is examined.
The Role of Medicine in the Decline of Hypertension-Related Mortality
  • S. Wing
  • Medicine
    International journal of health services : planning, administration, evaluation
  • 1984
The hypothesis that medical intervention is the major cause of hypertension-related mortality declines is reviewed and evidence relevant to the “medical hypothesis,” including mortality data and patterns of antihypertensive drug development and treatment, is presented.


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Any inquiry into the origins and character of science and its place in human activity based on a thorough-going materialism must confront a fascinating dilemma. For a in a framework which avoids the
The Sociobiology Controversy
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Humanity in science: a perspective and a plea.
The phrase "humanity in science" encompasses several problems of various dimensions, which have been present for a long period, and new ways must be found of mirroring scientific activity so as to more faithfully reflect its real nature to and incorporate it into culture.
The code of the scientist and its relationship to ethics.
Taking together the code of the scientist and the ethic of development indicate the possibility of a humane world order based on the cooperation of a community of scientists and its public.
Morton's ranking of races by cranial capacity. Unconscious manipulation of data may be a scientific norm.
  • S. Gould
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • 1978
Samuel George Morton, self-styled objective empiricist, amassed the world's largest pre-Darwinian collection of human skulls, and it is shown here that his summary tables are based on a patchwork of apparently unconscious finagling.
Limits of scientific inquiry
No wonder you activities are, reading will be always needed. It is not only to fulfil the duties that you need to finish in deadline time. Reading will encourage your mind and thoughts. Of course,
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Review of E . 0 . Wilson ’ s “ On Human Nature . ”
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Evolution and tinkering.